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African art - African mask, tribal art, primitive art:

The African mask is without question and with force, what it represents, what it embodies. It can be an ancestor, a spirit, etc. .... This is the reason why African masks are treated like humans, they are fed with offerings, they have personal sanctuaries. Most African masks are made to dance. Fang, Punu, Baule, Lega, monochrome or polychrome, zoomorphic, anthropomorphic or even hybrid, coated with kaolin, raw or with a sacrificial patina, they are linked to ritual cults, with various functions (agriculture, initiation, funerals, enthronement etc...). Some have a social, legal, police or peacemaking role.


Luba mask
African art > African mask, tribal art, primitive art > Luba mask

In the southeastern region of Katanga, around the 1960s, the Zela, long subject to the Lubas whose customs and rites they borrowed, carved animal masks, like the Lubas and the Kundas. In 1970, the kifwebe company was subjected to a transformation which was accompanied by new masks. In the Zela and Kundas groups, however, this type of mask was manifested during secular theatrical ceremonies involving tales. Matte patina with polychrome highlights. Abrasions and cracks.
Formerly subject to the Luba, then to the Lundas, the Zela have adopted a large part of their customs and traditions. Established between the Luvua River and Lake Kisalé, they are today organized into four chiefdoms under the supervision of leaders of Luba origin. They venerate a primordial couple frequently ...


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175.00

Masque Zela
African art > African mask, tribal art, primitive art > Masque Zela

In the south-eastern region of Katanga, around the 1960s, the Zela Zela, long subject to the Lubas, from whom they borrowed their customs and rituals, carved animal masks, like the Lubas and the Kundas. In 1970 indeed, the kifwebe society was subjected to a transformation which was accompanied by new masks. In the Zela and Kundas groups, however, this type of mask was used in profane theatrical ceremonies featuring fairy tales. Matte granular patina. Old restorations of an ear and the contour.
Once subject to the Luba, then the Lundas, the Zela adopted many of their customs and traditions. Established between the Luvua River and Lake Kisalé, they are now organized into four chiefdoms under the supervision of leaders of Luba origin. They venerate a primordial couple frequently ...


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175.00

Igbo mask
African art > African mask, tribal art, primitive art > Igbo mask

Sober version of the Igbo mask associated with the spirit of a young girl. The headdress is made up of three braids in a vertical bouquet. The scarifications here are discreet, in the cob, and in hatching on the forehead. Slight lack on the outline, abrasions.
The Igbo live in the forest in southeastern Nigeria. They managed to combine a deep sense of individuality with an equally strong sense of belonging to the group.
The village is the most important social unit, the smallest being the extended family. Each village has a high degree of autonomy and is placed under the authority of the oldest lineage head.
The religion of the Igbo includes on the one hand the god Chuku, supreme creator, considered omnipotent, omniscient and omnipresent, and on the other hand the spirit ...


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150.00

Kurumba mask
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African art > African mask, tribal art, primitive art > Kurumba mask

Totemic figure in African Kurumba art This crest mask, emblematic of most Kurumba clans in northern Burkina, was intended to honor the memory of ancestors during mourning. It could also serve as an altar in the house housing the spirits of the ancestors of the lineage. Evoking the hippotrague antelope, it displays, from a semi-spherical facial mask, a long neck on which the head of the animal develops.

Tapered, slender lines, evoking agility, and geometric decorative motifs distinguish this mask. Smooth, satin patina, shaded with ochre.
Dessication cracks. The African art sculptures of the Bobo , Bwa , Kurumba and Mossi , living in Burkina Faso , frequently take up and combine stylized elements borrowed from humans, animals or even insects. It is ...


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Tschokwe mask
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African art > African mask, tribal art, primitive art > Tschokwe mask

Large braided hairstyle for this African mask of the Chokwe. This hairstyle is reminiscent of the red earth-coated hairstyle of the Chokwe women. A chiseled frieze of checkerboards delimits the forehead. Smooth reddish brown patina. Peacefully settled in eastern Angola until the 16th century, the Chokwe were then subjected to the Lunda empire from which they inherited a new hierarchical system and the sacredness of power. Nevertheless, the Chokwe never fully adopted these new social and political contributions. Three centuries later, they eventually seized the capital of the Lunda weakened by internal conflicts, contributing to the dismantling of the kingdom. The Chokwé did not have centralized power but rather large chiefdoms. They were the ones who attracted artists eager to put ...


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Lunda mask
African art > African mask, tribal art, primitive art > Lunda mask

African mask of great sculptural quality, the features and volumes being modeled with precision and realism, giving rise to a delicate face of a very young woman. Smooth, reddish-brown patina. Edge erosions.
Height on base: 36 cm.
Of Lunda origin, the Lwena emigrated from Angola to Zaire in the 19th century, repelled by the Chokwe. When some became slave traders, other groups found refuge in Zambia, forming the Luvale, Lovale. Their society is matrilineal, exogamous and polygamous. The Lwena and the Luvale became known for their sculptures embodying the figures of deceased ancestors and chiefs, and their masks linked to the initiation rites of the mukanda, a secret association masculine that all these groups share on this same territory, with some variations however. Their ...


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390.00

Gouro mask
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African art > African mask, tribal art, primitive art > Gouro mask

African mask Guro, sculpted in the image of the works of the master of Bouafle. It depicts a face with fine features wearing an amulet as dictated by the custom among Guro women. This mask intervened with Zamble and Zaouli, but would no longer be used today. ("Guro", ed. 5Continents, pl.13) Reddish brown matte patina. Abrasions and lack on the internal contour.

Among the group of Mande from the south, in the center of Côte d'Ivoire, on the banks of the Bandama, the Gouro are organized into lineages, and constitute the western neighbors of the Baoulé who borrowed several characteristics from their African tribal art creations. Animists, since the 1950s they have been using a family of masks associated with the Zaouli dance. Indeed, like the African Goli masks of the Baoulé, ...


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Ngbaka mask
African art > African mask, tribal art, primitive art > Ngbaka mask

Initiation rituals and Ngbaka tribal art.
Despite the absence of streaks on the nasal bridge, this mask has been identified as coming from the Ngbaka. It is the orbits that offer here a succession of grooves, accentuating the arch of the eyebrows. Unusual also, the perforations of the contours of the mouth. Neat sculpture displaying a smooth, satin, mahogany brown patina. Slight losses and small accidents.
Tribe settled on the left bank of the Ubangui, the Ngbaka practice agriculture, and their artistic achievements were inspired by those of the neighboring tribes Ngbandi and Ngombe , with a distinctive feature however, the line of the forehead dotted with linear keloids. They are organized in tribes without political unity, under the tutelage of the chief wan and ...


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380.00

Igbo mask
African art > African mask, tribal art, primitive art > Igbo mask

This type of hybrid African mask called ogbodo enyi which means "spirit of the elephant", refers to the strength and endurance of the majestic pachyderm. Thanks to its exceptional characteristics, the elephant is associated with a symbolism of political and spiritual power.
These masks are recognizable by their atypical shapes in projection. The top of the mask features a sculpted head.
Two-tone patina. Desication cracks.
In the northeast of the Igbo region, these masks were worn only by men during annual festivities, including the New Yam Festival, who wore them on their heads and waved them to rapid solitary dances.


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390.00

Lega mask
African art > African mask, tribal art, primitive art > Lega mask

Within the Léga, the Bwami society, open to men and women, organized social and political life. There were up to seven levels of initiation, each associated with emblems. Following their exodus from Uganda during the 17th century, the Lega settled on the west bank of the Lualaba River in the DRC. Also called Warega, these individuals live in self-contained villages surrounded by palisades, usually on top of hills. The role of chief, kindi, is held by the oldest man in the clan, who must be the highest ranking. As in other forest tribes, men hunt and clear while women cultivate cassava. Social recognition and authority also had to be earned individually: the chief owed his selection to his heart (mutima), good character, intelligence, and irreproachable behavior. During ritual ceremonies, ...


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90.00

Baoulé mask
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African art > African mask, tribal art, primitive art > Baoulé mask

This African mask Baoulé called mask-portrait or Ndoma, presents a peaceful physiognomy with half-closed eyelids, raised with scarifications called " ngole".
Satin dark brown surface. Desication crack.
These African masks portraits of the Baoulé, ndoma, which are part of one of the oldest Baoulé artistic traditions and frequently represent an idealized character, have the particularity of manifesting themselves at the end of entertainment dance ceremonies. These are called, depending on the region, bedwo , ngblo , mblo , adjussu< /i> , etc. Each of these masks are distinguished by the hairstyles, the location and the choice of scarifications. They occur during danced events accompanied by music and songs, celebrations, visits by personalities, staging various ...


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Pende Mask
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African art > African mask, tribal art, primitive art > Pende Mask

Called Kiwoyo with the Eastern Pende, Giwoyo ch those of the Centre, this African mask still with its accessories and extended with a chin strap was worn in a cap over a soft hat, tumba . Most of the masks of the Central Pende, sculpted by the dancers, were worn tilted on the forehead, to be seen in profile. Originally associated with the deceased lying on his diaper, this mask was associated with funeral rituals. Nowadays he participates in peaceful and festive ceremonies. The spendents live on the banks of the Kwilu, while the have settled on the banks of the Kasai river downstream of Tshikapa. The influences of the neighbouring ethnic groups, Mbla, Suku, Wongo, Leele, Kuba and Salempasu, were imprinted on their large tribal art sculpture. Within this diversity the masks Mbuya, ...


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Mumuye mask
African art > African mask, tribal art, primitive art > Mumuye mask

Zoomorphic Mumuye Masks in African Tribal Art
This mask takes the form of an extended helmet of horns. Two large gaping pupils surmount a bifid "beak". African Mumuye masks were performed during ceremonies closing the initiatory periods of the " sons of va "' and during major events. Each group had a mask sculpted symbolizing its identity, buffalo, monkey, leopard, etc., which bore the name of va or vabou.

Matte age patina, burgundy highlights, crusty agglomerates. Small accidents.

The statuary emanating from the northwestern region of the middle Benoué, from the Kona Jukun, to the Mumuye and up to the Wurkun populations is distinguished by a relative absence of ornamentation and a refined stylization. The 100,000 Adamawa language speakers form a ...


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490.00

Kumu mask
African art > African mask, tribal art, primitive art > Kumu mask

Among primitive art masks, this African mask named Nsembu was produced in male-female pairs, and was used by the society of soothsayers Nkunda within the clans living in the north of the Ituri region.
This example is distinguished by the unexpected geometric relief depicting the nose. The flat surface is dotted with polychrome dotted lines, alluding to the animal world and the patterns that adorn the bodies during initiation rites.
Matte patina. Desication cracking and abrasions.
Height on base: 35 cm.
The Kumu, Bakumu, Komo, live mainly in the North-East and in the center of the Democratic Republic of Congo. Their Bantu language is Komo or Kikomo. Several ethnic groups are closely intertwined, endowed with similar associations: the Mbole, the ...


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190.00

Kumu mask
African art > African mask, tribal art, primitive art > Kumu mask

Circular and embellished with raffia, this mask is largely hollowed out at eye level, nostrils and mouth under a massive forehead. The jaw forms a slight protrusion.
Irregular speckled surface. The Kumu , Bakumu, Komo, live mainly in the North-East and in the center of the Democratic Republic of Congo. Their Bantu language is Komo or Kikomo. Several ethnic groups are closely intertwined, endowed with similar associations: the Mbole, the Yela, the Lengola, and the Metoko. Their artistic production also presents great similarities with that of the Metoko and the Lengola. Their divination masks were exhibited during the closing ceremonies of the initiation and circumcision of the young people of the nkunda society. It is indeed in the Maniema region around the Lualaba River and ...


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190.00

Ti Wara
African art > African mask, tribal art, primitive art > Ti Wara

A skillfully arched structure, openwork, and engraved with streaks to represent the coat, here forms one of the variants of African sculpture Ci Wara of the Bambara, Bamana, a decorative element prized by collectors. Speckled matte patina.

Sculpted by the blacksmith numu, who also plays the role of diviner and healer, this vertical, stylized crest is represented here with the successive arcs figuring the mane of a male antelope. It would be an animal - genius called Ciwara who would have taught the Bambara to cultivate the land. The latter remember the myth through the stylized representation of an antelope antelope, whose name ci wara means "wild animal of the earth". Worn at the top of the skull and held in place by a basketry hat, these crests accompanied the dancers ...


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450.00

Wé Wobé Mask
African art > African mask, tribal art, primitive art > Wé Wobé Mask

Ex-collection Belgian African art.
Shez the Danes, it is in order to be honored that spirits manifest themselves in the course of dreams. They then indicate the details of the masks to be made. Dan African masks, of varied design, usually perform at very theatrical entertainment parties where women play a leading role. Each mask has a name related to its function. The mask kagle, kaoglé , with triangular reliefs, was displayed in joyful evolutions during which the dancer threw sticks at the audience. The Dans also sculpt, according to the soothsayer's indications, miniature masks on the model of large masks. They are worn in amulets by children. The dark, lustrous patina of the Dan's African masks was obtained by immersion in mud baths. Desication cracks.
Pièce acquired by ...


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380.00

Dogon Mask
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African art > African mask, tribal art, primitive art > Dogon Mask

African Kanaga mask of the Dogon.
In funeral rites, members of the society Awa , dance with masks on the roof of the house of the dead, to lead his soul (nyama) to its eternal rest and to defend the living. The Kanaga mask is also used to protect hunters from the vengeance of the prey he has killed. This copy is designed according to a recurring structure: a central vertical board with "arms" fixed by leather ties and a mask with angular features. The polychrome pigments were refreshed before each performance. Granular surface. Abrasions.
As a prelude to the funeral or during the mourning rites, many almost identical copies appear on the dance floor, after having circulated through the village's alleys. Depending on the degree of initiation, this mask will not have ...


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Guro mask
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African art > African mask, tribal art, primitive art > Guro mask

This African mask, offering a creative combination of different zoomorphic elements, is probably an entertainment mask. Its face, framed by wings, evokes a hybrid being, half animal, half human, a spirit of nature. Polychrome lacquering.
Among the Mande group in the south, in central Côte d'Ivoire, on the banks of the Bandama, the Gouro are organized into lineages, and are the western neighbors of the Baoulé who have borrowed several features from their African tribal art creations. Animists, they have used since the 1950s a family of masks associated with the Zaouli dance. Indeed like the African Goli masks of the Baule, the set of Guro masks, relating to the genies of nature, comes in two zoomorphic masks followed by a third anthropomorphic one, which is considered the ...


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Ligbi Mask
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African art > African mask, tribal art, primitive art > Ligbi Mask

Always somewhat unusual, this type of facial sculpture of the Ligbi, Djimini, is surmounted here by a beak of calao whose curved beak returns vertically highlights the ovoid contours of the mask. High-tops of tricolour pigments and inlays of gilded metal enhance the features marked with scarificiations in cat whiskers. Narrow slits form the look, and the mouth also boils down to a thin opening. Satin brown patina.
Andeblis in Ivory Coast, but also in Ghana, the Ligbi , Islamized, were nevertheless influenced by tribal sculpture Senoufo . They borrowed elements that they incorporated into African masks related to the society of do . This masked tradition has been preserved to manifest itself during religious festivals accompanied by sacrifices and songs such as the end of Ramadan, ...


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Pende mask
African art > African mask, tribal art, primitive art > Pende mask

Among the range of African Masks of Mbuya initiation from the Pende, the mask of the "fool" or jester, Tundu, offers deformed features under a wrinkled forehead characterizing uncontrollable emotions.
Slightly ocher brown patina. Abrasions. Height on base: 44 cm.
The western Pende live on the banks of the Kwilu, while the eastern people have settled on the banks of the Kasai downstream from Tshikapa. The influences of neighboring ethnic groups, Mbla, Suku, Wongo, Leele, Kuba and Salempasu imprinted on their large tribal art sculpture. Within this diversity, the Mbuya masks, realistic, produced every ten years, take on a festive function, and embody different characters that are difficult to differentiate without their costume, including the chief fumu or ufumu, the ...


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350.00





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