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African art - African mask:

The African mask is unquestionably and forcefully what it represents, what it embodies. It can be an ancestor, a spirit, etc .... Reason why African masks are treated like humans, they are nourished by offerings, they have personal sanctuaries. Most African masks are made to dance. Fang, Punu, Baoule, Lega, monochrome or polychrome, zoomorphic, anthropomorphic or even hybrid, coated with kaolin, rough or with a sacrificial patina, they are linked to ritual cults, with various functions (agriculture, initiation, funeral , enthronement etc ...) Some have a social role, legal, police, or peacemaker.



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This African Fang mask forms one of the many variants of Ngil's Fang masks, a full-length volume in which high orbital cavities contain thin eye slits, a nasal appendage marked with parallel ribs and patterns engraved on the bleached surface. The bulging mouth, pigmented with pink ochre, is altered. Long cracks.
The appearance of these kaolin-coated masks (the white color evokes the power of ancestors), in the middle of the night, could cause dread. This type of mask was used by the men's society ngil which no longer exists today. This secret society was in charge of initiations and fought against witchcraft. The ngil was a purifying fire rite symbolized by the gorilla. The wearers of these masks, always in large numbers, appeared at night, lit by torches. Their intervention was ...


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Bamana zoomorphic mask
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African art > African mask > Bambara Mask

Among the different scales of the initiation of secret societies dyo, in the Bamana, the society Koré , which concerns the elders, is supposed to make the individual an accomplished man and prepares them for a simulacrum of death. The kore se also divides into eight learning classes, four of which have zoomorphic masks that often appear together. The fourth level of training is the kono , which has an elephant mask only performing in front of the initiates. Patine mate loclament abraded.
eals in central and southern Mali, in a savannah area, the Bambara, Bamana (c) or unbelievers, as the Muslims have named them, belong to the great Mande group, along with the Soninke and Malinke. Mostly farmers, but also herders, they make up the largest ethnic group in Mali. Animists, they believe ...


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Ndoma portrait mask of Baoulé / Yohoure
African art > African mask > Baule Mask

This African Mask Baoulé, known as the portrait mask or Ndoma , depicts an ovoid face topped with horns and figures associated with the calao. A collar highlights the contours of the face. These portraits of the Baoulé, ndoma, which are part of one of the oldest baoulé artistic traditions and frequently represent an idealized character, have the peculiarity of manifesting themselves at the end of the entertainment dance ceremonies. The latter are named, depending on the regions, bedwo, ngblo, mblo, adjussu, etc. Each of these masks are distinguished by the hairstyles, the location and the choice of scarifications. Hot brown patina, shiny, ochre residue.
They occur during danced events accompanied by music and songs, celebrations, visits to personalities, featuring various satirical ...

Punu Okuyi Mask
African art > African mask > Punu Mask

This African Punu Okuyi mask features a double shell formed by braided and shaped hair. These hairstyles in various forms illustrate women's fashion during the 19th century in Gabon. This sculpture corresponds to the canons of Punu art with its frontal and temporal scarifications in diamond and checkerboard, mabinda. A collar also surrounds the entire face. The abraded white patina corresponds to the color of mourning, which establishes a link with the world of spirits and ancestors.
These masks were associated with the various secret societies of Gabon, including the Bwiti, Bwete, and the Mwiri ("le"), the latter spanning into several levels of initiation, to which all punu men belonged, and whose emblem was the caiman. The punu did not involve any masks in the rituals of the ...


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110.00

Masquette Hemba Sukumutu
African art > African mask > Hemba Mask

Mastering the sculpture with talent, the Hemba have mainly produced statues of ancestors singiti , embodying leaders, local warriors, or lineage ancestors that they venerate in order to appease mizimus spirits. A wide variety of ritual objects, fetishes, simian masks, gourds, and others of daily use have made their reputation. The pieces called soko mutu , suku muntu , (from Swahili," man's brother", and KiHemba, ibombo ya soho : "face de singe") belonged to the cult of ancestors and existed in two forms: on the one hand large masks used in ritual dances, and on the other hand, small masks or statuettes used as gifts, were hung in the boxes as protective amulets. These masks have recently been renamed mwisi gwa so'o , which expresses a concept that it is a chimpanzee spirit that would be ...


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100.00

Masque League
African art > African mask > Masque League

A slender shape and clean features for this Lega mask that was not worn in front of the face but arranged on a claie with other masks of different sizes, attached to the arm, the neck, or held by hand. The eyebrow arch is streaked with hatches associated with traditional scarifications. A long raffia beard accompanies this tribal mask. Clear patina, grainy kaolin residue. This African Lega mask indicated the stage that its holder had reached within the Bwami, a learning society composed of different ranks, and which were joined by wives whose spousehad reached the third level, that of the ngandu . Mask with beard: 44 cmWithin the Lega, the society of the Bwami open to men and women, organized social and political life. There were up to seven levels of initiation, each associated with ...


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100.00

Gouro Zaouli Mask
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African art > African mask > Gouro Zaouli Mask

African art Gouro.
Among the group of Mande of the south, in central Côte d'Ivoire, the Gouro have been using a family of African masks associated with the dance Zaouli since the 1950s. Like the Goli masks of the Baoulé, all Guro masks come in two zoomorphic masks followed by a third anthropomorph, which is considered the wife of the mask zamblé , the Gu . The Gu , whose function is apotropaic, represents a young woman with the criteria of beauty specific to Guro, especially facial scarifications and lime teeth. The zaouli incarnate a mature man with a beard represented by raffia cords attached to the lower perforations of the mask contours. The Zamblé, on the other hand, embodies a bush animal, usually an antelope. The forehead occupies three-quarters of the top volume of this ...


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380.00 € 280.00 ( -26.3 %)

Masque Chokwe Pwo
African art > African mask > Tchokwe Mask

An African mask that intervenes during the initiation ceremonies of the adult state, the mukanda , marking among other things the end of the special bond between a son and his mother. This copy devoid of accessories, symbol of the first ancestor, offers checkered keloids forming stripes on the cheeks. The mouth opens on lined teeth, a criterion of feminine beauty in the Chokwe. A large headband engraved with parallel lines demarcates the forehead. The asymmetry of the sculpture is noteworthy. The nose flags bear witness to the attention to detail. Erosions of the chocolate patina. Smooth, sainy surface. Peacefully settled in eastern Angola until the 16th century, the Chokwé were then subjected to the Lunda empire from which they inherited a new hierarchical system and the sanctity of ...


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100.00

Dan Zapkei Dan Zapkei s " Race Mask
African art > African mask > Masque Dan

For the Dan, or Yacuba, living in western Côte d'Ivoire and Liberia, the "d-" force that would animate the world would manifest itself in sculpted masks. This is how she seeks to bring knowledge to man in order to support him, and uses the channel of dreams beforehand. The spirits then indicate how to name the mask they wish to see made. These masks of different types are endowed with functions, social, spiritual and political, often evolving over time. Masks equipped with round orbits (gunye ge), facilitating vision, are part of all the masks of the northern Dan and are used for racing events during the dry season. The zapkei ge , also equipped with circular orbits, are responsible for preventing fires by watching over domestic fires. They are accessorized with hats, braids, textile ...


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115.00

Small snake mask Baga Bansonyi
African art > African mask > Snake Baga

Reduced size for this African mask evoking a naja snake with dilated pupils. Losangic motifs of a sober polychromy borrowed from natural tones adorn its surface. This ancient sculpture has been affected by storage conditions. Mate and velvety patina, locally altered surface. Desication cracks.
As african serpentiform initiation group used mainly by Bulongic (Kifinda village), a subgroup Baga on Guinean coastline, its size can be as large as 2.50 m. These masks were divided into two groups bearing the names Mosolo kombo and Sangaran , each with specific functions. Their design took shape in an esoteric context, at night in the forest. Privileges of initiated men, embodying a spiritual entity, the Baga Sangaran masks attended only circumcision, every 24 years according to the ...


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490.00

Large Songye Kifwebe Mask
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African art > African mask > Songye Mask

Extraordinary pupils project on either side of the nasal ridge of this songye mask that unfolds at the top in high flat crest. A rectangular tube forms the mouth. This African mask whose volumes helped inspire the Cubist artistic movement is streaked with lines encrusted with white pigment. Patina mate, erosions at the top.
Hightop: 88 cm.
This types of African art mask Kifwebe are listed: the masculine (kilume) usually with a high crest, the feminine (kikashi) would present a more modest crest or absent, and finally the greater embodying power (kia ndoshi). In the 16th century, the Songyes migrated from the Shaba region to settle on the left bank of the Lualaba. Their society is organized in a patriarchal way. Their history is inseparable from that of the Luba to whom they ...


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Zaouli Dance Gouro Gu Mask
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African art > African mask > Guro Mask

African Masks Gouro from central Côte d'Ivoire
This monoxyle sculpture features a smiling female face, whose hairstyle is topped by a tambourine. The room is enhanced with dark and beige tones, plum reflections for the face.
Among the group of Mande in the south, in the center of Côte d'Ivoire, on the banks of the Bandama, the Gouro are organized in lineages, and constitute the western neighbors of the Baoulé who have borrowed several characteristics of their creations. Animists, they have been using a family of masks associated with the dy Zaouli. Indeed, like the African masks Goli des Baoulé, all Guro masks, related to the geniuses of nature, come in two zoomorphic masks followed by a third anthropomorph, who is considered the wife of the mask zamblé , the Gu . The Gu , ...


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Mossi Mask
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African art > African mask > Mossi Mask

African art at the Mossi.
It is in the northern centre of the Mossi country that this type of convex African masks, with a prominent central ridge, are carved. This abstract head copy, with a zoomorphic character, is distinguished by hollowed-out holes in triangles overlooking a tubular nose shape. A central horn splits into a blade between the small vertical ears. Geometric patterns imbued with kaolin are dug on the matte and grainy surface. Stylistic similarities are sometimes noted with the zoomorphic masks of the dogon, a neighbouring people. Mossi masks, personal or lignagers, are an embodiment of tutelary spirits offering their support. They perform at funerals, at the funerals of clan leaders, protect the crops. Genuine altars without their costume, they can receive libations ...


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Bemba zoomorphic mask
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African art > African mask > Bemba Mask

The zoomorphic masks of the Bemba, Babemba, Wemba, or Mubemba (not to be confused with the Bembé of eastern R.D.C.) are preserved by hunter societies and exhibited during agrarian festivities and rites. The Bemba, from Maniema, claim to be of Luba origin and have settled on the shores of Lake Moero, near Zambia, and Lake Tanganyka. During the 19th century, the Bemba participated in the slave trade by allying with the slave king Msiri. Colonial politics dispersed them in the 20th century. Their leader now reigns in Kasama, Zambia, they believe in a supreme god, Lesa, worship nature spirits, Ngulu, a snake named lunga, and mythical ancestors. Their very diverse art was influenced by that of their neighbors, Luba, Lunda, Tabwa, Nyamwezi.Their statues present aberousal scarifications running ...


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Masque Bembe du Bwami
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African art > African mask > Masque Bembe

Large concave eye sockets, in which the globular eyelids are incised, dominate in this African mask Bembe. The horns of the forehead are born from the same base. The frightened owl would have inspired these zoomorphic characters. A rectangular mouth is incised with teeth. These masks accompanied the rituals of passage during the circumcision ceremonies of the Bwami.Patine polychrome mate.

The Bembe ethnic group is a Luba branch line that is believed to have left Congo in the 18th century to settle near Tanzania and Burundi. Their society and artistic tendency are influenced by their neighbouring ethnic groups in the Lake Tanganyika region, the Lega, the Buyu, etc. Indeed, like the Lega, the Bembe had a Bwami association responsible for initiation and structuring for society ...


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Great Dan Tankaglé Mask
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African art > African mask > Masque Dan

This African dan mask is equipped with an extended hood with a large headdress, consisting of textiles and feathers from a basket frame. Cauris, sheep horns, pearls, bells and raffia line the contours of the face. The dancer wearing this mask is called takanglé. At the top of the forehead points a protrusion punctuating the angular cheekbones and luscious diamond lips, harmonizing this face coated with a matte black patina. This mask can be hung on the wall or placed on a bespoke base.
This is as a result of dreams in which spirits manifested themselves that the masks were sculpted according to precise indications in order to be honored through their apparitions. The Dans also sculpt, according to the soothsayer's indications, miniature masks on the model of large masks. They are ...


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Animal mask Luba Mukisi a kukaya
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African art > African mask > Luba Mask

This large, rather rare African mask depicting a night owl was worn in the company of a circular kifwebe mask accessorized with a voluminous raffia collar that concealed the dancer. These masks occurred during different traditions: investitures, funerals, and rites against witchcraft in the various initiation societies. In the eastern part of the Luba region, important ceremonies are held in tribute to the clan's ancestors, deceased chiefs, and the new moon. Offerings are then granted to the spirits of nature, intermediate between the group and the ancestors. In the Luba, white is synonymous with the relationship with the spiritual world and the moon, which is also evoked by the nature of the animal depicted. Pupils in the centre of large circular orbits are hollowed out; the small erect ...

Dugn be Bidjogo Mask
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African art > African mask > Bidjogo Mask

Ex-collection French African art.
This zoomorphic African mask with real horns comes from the 'a href'U'0022https://africa.uima.uiowa.edu/peoples/show/bidyogo"' Bidjogo , established in the Bissagos Archipelago of about thirty islands off the coast Guinea-Bissau. On this massive piece depicting a gaping-mouthed bovine head, the noes are adorned with a metal buckle with a rope. A rope is also intertwined at the base of the horns. White pigments highlight certain organs. Cracked wood, matte patina.
The mask is worn before or at the end of the initiation ceremonies, by a young initiate " cabaro ", who will bend and pitch up, conveying the idea of a vigorous but still untamed young animal, and the need to go through the process to acquire discipline and mastery.  These ...


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Holo Pakasa buffalo mask
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African art > African mask > Holo Mask

Ex-Collection Swiss African Art.
This zoomorphic mask appears at the end of the initiation ceremonies. It symbolizes the power and spirit of vengeance. It is also associated with healing rites and also intervenes in hunting-related rituals. The ears, in the same axis as the diamond eyes, are adorned with oxidized metallic loops. Lack at the end of a horn and under the muffle. Non-homogeneous satin brown patina. Located in the Democratic Congo between the Yaka and the Chukwe of Angola, the small Holo ethnic group migrated from the Angolan coast to settle near the banks of the Kwango River. Hunting and agriculture provide for their livelihoods. Neighbouring ethnic groups, such as the Suku, influenced their traditional sculptures. The Holo have indeed produced masks and prestigious ...


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Masque Chokwe Pwo
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African art > African mask > Tchokwe Mask

This African Chokwe mask features a basket helmet draped in a textile and extended with a woven seedling in plant fibres. An abundant hair, composed of twisted cotton ribbons, conceals the whole. The hairstyle is reminiscent of the red earthen hair of the Chokwe women. A narrow headband decorated with raised motifs is carved on the forehead. The fineness of the features is a recurrence in the sculpture of Chokwe masks. Dark brown, sained skate. Peacefully settled in eastern Angola until the 16th century, the Chokwé were then subjected to the Lunda empire from which they inherited a new hierarchical system and the sanctity of power. Nevertheless, the Chokwes never fully embraced these new social and political contributions. Three centuries later, they eventually seized the capital of ...


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Gelede mask
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African art > African mask > Gelede mask

Gelede in African art. Gelede mask adorned with a bird, harvested in situ by the late Jacques Anquetil , a theatre man who became 'a href'https://www.youtube.com/watch?v-U11uL7JBpEQ' master weaver initiated by the Dogon, president of the French Crafts. In Nigeria, also in Benin, this African mask worn at the top of the head is used for Gelede's rejoicing dances, and for the funeral of its followers. These masks occur in pairs, each with a specific name. A single scarification adorns the cheeks here. Similar copies with no tether holes in the case of Yoruba, Rivallain and Iroko, ed. Hazan. Patine mate, beautiful preservation of the original painting. Desication cracks.
The Gelede country in Nigeria pays tribute to the mothers, especially the oldest of them, whose powers would ...


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