African art > African mask, tribal art, primitive art > Jukun mask
Jukun mask (N° 22874)
Mask also listed as Augum, Algum or Aluku. Geometric growths springing from a flat surface form the features of a face with a zoomorphic character. Horns at the top frame a vertical element such as an antenna.
The surface is streaked with wide bands revealing themselves under a grayish coating.
With the expansion of the old Jukun empire, the Jukun or Wurbo of Nigeria scattered into two groups: one established south of the Donga, and the second in the north of the region, near the Mumuye and the Wurkum. The Southern Jukun have a tradition of masks, including the male mask akuma linked to the cult of the same name and of which four types have been listed by A.Rubin. They are often endowed with horns evoking the ram or the antelope, in connection with the cult Akuma. Statues are rare, and are of the mam cult prevalent in eastern Nigeria. (Art of the Upper Benue River, C.Evers, and African Art, Kerchache)
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