African art > African mask, tribal art, primitive art > Djimini mask
Ligbi Yangaleya mask of the Do (N° 21649)
Singular, this ovoid mask of the Ligbi, Djimini, seems imprisoned under the stylized beaks of hornbills, or yangaleya , called magangono by the Dioula. Highlights of blue and red pigments, and kaolin, emphasize the details of the mask. Narrow slits form the eyes, and the mouth is also reduced to a small incision. Brown satin patina.
Established in Côte d'Ivoire, but also in Ghana, the Ligbi , Islamized, have however undergone the influence of the tribal sculpture Senoufo . They borrowed elements from it and incorporated them into African masks related to the do society. This masked tradition has been preserved to manifest itself during religious festivals accompanied by sacrifices and songs such as the end of Ramadan, and symbolizing in this way the breaking of the fast. Just before the festivities, if necessary, the mask will be repainted and thus coated with koro , composed of burnt foliage whose ashes are mixed with palm oil. Red clay, white clay, henna, and a kola nut powder will enhance the scarifications when present, the facial features and the hairstyle.
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