African art > Mask > Yoruba Mask
Masque facial Yoruba (N° 14426)
Mask with a rounded pattern, broad luscious lips and stretched almond eyes pierced with a pupil. From the spherical skull, to the clear forehead, rises a frontal crest with a tip cut from parallel bands. Wealth and therefore prestige are reflected here, in African thought, through the treatment of the chin in bulging volumes suggesting the abundance of flesh. Underneath is a grooved collar. Locally chipped grainy skate.
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The Yoruba society is very organized and has several associations whose roles vary. While men's society egbe reinforces social norms, the aro unites farmers. The gelede has more esoteric and religious aims. The notables come together in a society called esusu. The kingdoms of Oyo and Ijebu were born following the demise of the Ifé civilization and are still the basis of the Yoruba political structure. The Oyo created two cults centered on the societies Egungun and Sango, who venerate their gods, the Orisa , through ceremonies using masks, statuettes, sceptres and divination supports. The slave trade helped spread Yoruba' beliefs across continents.
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|Estimated dating||circa 1960|
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