African art > African Dolls > Mossi doll

Mossi Biga Fertility doll (N° 18856)

br>A schematized fertility doll, whose head appearance varies from region to region, it represents a spirit with which a relationship is established. The tubular bust, pointed at the level of the abdomen, is endowed with a chest. The angular, stylized head evokes the feminine crest hairstyle, the parallel incisions, the scarification and the braids of the ethnic group. Beautiful satin dark brown patina.
The use of dolls by young African women is not exclusively within the initiatory context. When menstruation occurs, the young girl is considered a potential mother. In many ethnic groups, the search for fertility is then done through intitiatic rites. Wooden figures are then carved, some reflecting both genders, often dressed in beads and clothing. During the period of seclusion, the doll, who becomes a child who asks to be fed, washed and anointed on a daily basis, becomes the only companion of the young girl. After the initiation, they will be carried on the women's backs, or attached to their necks. The wooden dolls ( biiga ), carved in their free time by the blacksmiths of Burkina Faso, are offered to the girls, as to the boys, by their parents. The Mossi the more affluent get plastic dolls. If the girl does not give birth, a larger doll is carved to treat her as a real newborn. The doll will not be abandoned after the birth of the child, the mother will continue to take care of it. If the birth did not take place, the doll will be offered as an educational toy to a child ( Elisabeth L.Cameron )  

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Originex-collection française
Countryburkina faso
Weight0.34 Kg
Estimated dating2ème halfxx°

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