African art > The fetish, this emblematic object of primitive art > Fetish Yaka
Statuette Yaka Yiteke (N° 19270)
Ex-collection of Belgian African art.
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These tribal statues, ritual charms belonging to the lineages and providing protection against enemies, were made according to the instructions of the Nganga ngoombu and the person who commissioned the object. These sculptures were then activated using rituals and incantatory formulas, and additions in the form of talismans. The object consists of a couple placed back to back, sharing a common loincloth and wearing a common crest. The headdress is that of the chiefs of the earth, the nose has a characteristic curled tip shape. These sculptures were hung in the huts. Chocolate patina coated with clay residues. Cracks of desiccation.
Hierarchical and authoritarian, composed of formidable warriors, the Yaka society was governed by lineage chiefs who had the right of life and death over their subjects. Hunting and the resulting prestige are the occasion nowadays, for the Yaka, to invoke the ancestors and to resort to rituals with the help of charms linked to the "khosi" institution. The initiation society for the young is the n-khanda n-khanda, which is found among the Eastern Kongo (Chokwe, Luba, etc...), and which uses various charms and masks in order to ensure a vigorous lineage. The ethnic groups Suku and Yaka, very close geographically, have the same social and political structure and similar cultural practices. They can only be differentiated by their stylistic variations.
(C.M.Faïk-Nzuji, "The Power of the Sacred")( "Treasures of Africa" ed. Tervuren Museum)("Yaka", 5Continents
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|Country||rdc ex zaire|
|Material(s)||wood, plant fibre|
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