African art > African fetish > Zande Fetish
Statuette of the cult Mani-Yanda Zande (N° 19256)
Among the sculptures of Azande African art, they types stand out:
The statues Kudu , with a height between 30 and 50 cm represent ancestors, and
statues Yanda from 10 to 20 cm, of animal or human form, having an apotropaic role, exposed during the divinatory rites during the rituals of the society Mani .
Perched on a rounded promontory, our figure is represented in a dynamic gesture. The thickened nape of the neck of the figure forms an unusual specificity. Only a protrusion indicates the presence of ears on either side of a face in which a powerful gaze pierces.
Lustrous black patina.
Formerly referred to as "Niam-Niam" because they were considered anthropophagous, the tribes grouped under the name Zande, Azandé, came from Chad to settle on the border of the Democratic Republic of Congo (Zaire), Sudan and the Central African Republic. According to their beliefs, man is endowed with two souls, one of which is transformed at his death into the animal-totem of the clan to which he belongs. The name of their ethnic group means: "those who own a lot of land", an allusion to their warrior past from Sudan. The statuettes Yanda were exhibited during divinatory sessions during which the chief of the society coated them with paste and blew smoke at them. The Zande, on the other hand, used poison oracles in many circumstances, and had a secret language.
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