African art > The fetish, this emblematic object of primitive art > Zande figure

Zande figure of the Yanda cult (N° 20356)

Stylized Yanda figure, with a bust devoid of arms imprisoned in metal wire, carried by wide, semi-flexed legs. The nasal bridge is hatched with scarification marks, the earrings are missing. Grainy satin patina. African art counts two types of Azande statues: The statues Kudu , of a height between 30 and 50 cm represent ancestors, and the Yanda statues of 10 to 20 cm, of animal or human form, having an apotropaic role, exhibited during divinatory rites during the rituals of the Mani society. br> Formerly referred to as "Niam-Niam" because they were considered anthropophagous, the tribes grouped under the name of Zande , Azandé , settled, from Chad, on the border of the D.R.C.(Zaire), Sudan and the Central African Republic. According to their beliefs, man is endowed with two souls, one of which transforms into the animal-totem of the clan to which he belongs upon his death. The name of their ethnic group means: "those who possess much land", an allusion to their warrior past originating in Sudan. The Yanda statuettes were displayed during divinatory sessions in which the chief of the society would coat them with paste and blow smoke on them. The Zande on the other hand used poison oracles in many circumstances, and had a secret language.  

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OriginCollection belge
EthnyZande
Countryrdc ex zaire
Material(s)wood, metal
Height22
Width7
Weight0.45 Kg
Estimated datingmid-xx°

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