African art > Jars, amphoras, pots, matakam > Pot Yoruba
Yoruba Medicine Pot (N° 19965)
This pot of remedies, a basket covered with clay coating, closed by an anthropomorphic-patterned lid, was linked to the Ifa cult created by the Oyos of Nigeria and in connection with the egungun and Sango societies.
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Used by the priest of Ifa, a sculpture relating to deities or orishas rises above the pot. Cauris, metal, and seed packets exacerbate the potency of the ingredients placed in the container.
Soruba, more than 20 million, occupy southwestern Nigeria and the central and southeastern region of Benin under the name Nago. They are patrilineal, practice excision and circumcision. The kingdoms of Oyo and Ijebu were born following the disappearance of the civilization Ifé and are still the basis of the political structure of the Yoruba. The Oyo created two cults centered on the societies Egungun and Sango, still active, which venerated a pantheon of gods, the Orisa, through ceremonies using masks, statuettes, sceptres and supports of divination. The slave trade helped spread the beliefs York across continents.
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|Material(s)||vannerie, wood, cauris, metal, cuir|
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