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African art - African mask, tribal art, primitive art:

The African mask is without question and with force, what it represents, what it embodies. It can be an ancestor, a spirit, etc. .... This is the reason why African masks are treated like humans, they are fed with offerings, they have personal sanctuaries. Most African masks are made to dance. Fang, Punu, Baule, Lega, monochrome or polychrome, zoomorphic, anthropomorphic or even hybrid, coated with kaolin, raw or with a sacrificial patina, they are linked to ritual cults, with various functions (agriculture, initiation, funerals, enthronement etc...). Some have a social, legal, police or peacemaking role.


 Chokwe Mukishi wa Cihongo mask
African art > African mask, tribal art, primitive art > Chokwe mask

Among the many African akishi (sing: mukishi, indicating power) masks of Chokwe African tribal art, the powerful male counterpart of the Mwana Pwo mask is the cihongo . These miniature masks are worn on costumes or initiation headdress.
The characteristic patterns present on the forehead, and sometimes on the cheekbones, are part of the Chokwe aesthetic canons but also served as public markers of ethnic identity. This recurring cruciform frontal motif is also thought to have cosmogonic significance. Always worn by dancers of royal blood, this mask incarnating a spirit symbolizes power and wealth. It was also sometimes used during judgments. Brown satin patina, cracks. The masks of the Chokwe, Luda, Luvale/Lwena, Luchazi and Mbunda clans are called "makishi" (sing. ...


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175.00

Chokwe Cihongo Mask
African art > African mask, tribal art, primitive art > Tschokwe Mask

br>In the many African masks akishi (sing: mukishi, indicating power) of African tribal art Chokwe, the powerful male counterpart of the Mwana Pwo mask is the cihongo . These masks are danced by itinerant professionals. The characteristic motifs on the forehead, and sometimes on the cheekbones, are part of the chokwe aesthetic canons but also served as public markers of ethnic identity. This recurrent cruciform frontal pattern would also have a cosmogonic significance. Always worn by dancers of royal blood, this mask embodying a spirit symbolizes power and wealth. He also intervened, at times, on occasion judgments. Dark patina maten, abrasions and cracks of desication.
The masks of the Chokwe, Luda, Luvale/Lwena, Luchazi and Mbunda clans are named in Zambia as 'makishi' (sing. ...


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175.00

Gouro/Kweni Zauli mask
African art > African mask, tribal art, primitive art > Gouro mask

This African mask of the Gouro, Kwen, or Kweni, combining animal elements, is the Gyela lu Zauli. It was used during funerals, political gatherings and entertainment ceremonies.
Splits, abrasions.
Among the Mande group in the south, in central Côte d'Ivoire, on the banks of the Bandama River, the Gouro are organized into lineages, and are the western neighbors of the Baoulé who have borrowed several features of their African tribal art creations. Animists, they have used a family of masks associated with the Zaouli dance since the 1950s. These masks are owned by families practicing lineage ancestor worship, who use them ritually and sacrificially to attract divine blessings. Priest and diviner share the predominant ritual functions among the Guro. The secret ...


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190.00

Lega Bwami mask
African art > African mask, tribal art, primitive art > Lega mask

Fine, delicate features for this Lega mask featuring half-closed coffee bean eyelids and a slightly domed, half-open mouth. The whitish kaolin coating is partially flaked. Velvety surface.
Height on base: 36 cm.
Within the Lega, the Bwami society open to men and women,organized social and political life. There were up to seven levels of initiation, each associated with emblems. Following their exodus from Uganda during the seventeenth century, the Lega settled on the west bank of the Lualaba River in the DRC. Also called Warega , these individuals live in self-contained villages surrounded by palisades, usually on hilltops. The role of chief, kindi, is held by the oldest man in the clan, who must be the highest ranking. As in other forest tribes, the men hunt and clear ...


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100.00

Mbagani Mask, Babindi
African art > African mask, tribal art, primitive art > Mbagani Mask

Large kaolin-coated eye sockets offer globular, ajar eyelids. Tiny ears are attached to it. The lower part of the face crowned with a crenellated headdress ends in a curved tip, characteristic of the Mbagani , from the group Mpasu now extinct, and itself a subgroup of Lulua, or Béna Lulua, and which also includes the Salampasu. They form the Ding a group of 50,000 individuals established in R.D.C. near the Angolan border. They were marked by the influence of their neighbours Lunda and former occupiers Tchokwé . Organized into small independent chiefdoms, they mainly grow maize, with women embroidering textiles woven by men. Masks would be associated with healing rites. Dark patina, mate, scattered flaking. (Black African Tribal Art, J.B.BACQUART)


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350.00

Kuba Lele Helmet Mask
African art > African mask, tribal art, primitive art > Lele mask

Ex-collection African art from Belgium.
Carved from a light wood, this African mask cephalomorph is free of metal inlays and colored patterns widely used among the Kuba and neighboring groups. Grainy residues and white pigments, however, are discernible on the velvety surface, evidencing ritual whitewashing. Misses and abrasions.
The Lele , neighbors of the Tschokwe and the Pende, live in the west of the Kuba kingdom at the confluence of the Kasai and Bashilele rivers and share common cultural characteristics with the Bushoong of Kuba country. Both groups adorn their prestige objects with the same iconography, consisting of faces with elaborate headdresses and geometric decorative patterns. Lele society, led by a " nymi" king, includes three classes, that of the ...


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290.00

Pende mask
African art > African mask, tribal art, primitive art > Pende mask

The Pende made use of a very large variation of traditional regional masks. This example is a variant of the giphogo or its reduced model minyangi . The triangular-shaped face, animated by discreet ears, is split by long eyelids underlined by hatching scarifications. Matt black patina. Height on base: 34 cm. The Western Pende live on the banks of the Kwilu, while the Eastern Pende have settled on the banks of the Kasai downstream from Tshikapa. The influences of the neighboring ethnic groups, Mbla, Suku, Wongo, Leele, Kuba and Salempasu have been imprinted on their extensive tribal art sculpture. Within this diversity the Mbuya masks , realistic ,produced every ten years, have a festive function, and embody different characters, including the chief fumu or ufumu, the diviner ...


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280.00

Epa Ekiti Yoruba Mask
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African art > African mask, tribal art, primitive art > Yoruba Mask

The Ekiti of the northeastern part of the Yoruba region use polychrome heaumes masks associated with the Epa cult, illustrating the prosperity of the community.
They appear at funerals or rites of passage.
The base of the janiform mask, named ikoko, is surmounted by a tray, and then a second with serrated edges, on which various figures are erected. The release of these masks, which will have been painted by their owners, takes place every two years. Despite the weight of the masks, the dancers perform spectacular acrobatic demonstrations. These ceremonies are also supposed to increase fertility.
Polychrome crusty patina, abrasions. The Yoruba, more than 20 million, occupy southwestern Nigeria and the central and southeastern region of Benin under the name Nago. ...


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Buglé Dan Mask
African art > African mask, tribal art, primitive art > Dan Mask

African art and diversity of masks Dan
African anthropo-zoomorphic mask whose appearance evokes the elephant, his sculpture consists of a tiered frontal space whose platform is equipped with a metal hook. Deep losangic incisions form an upper frieze. An ridge vertically separates the lower area, a common attribute to the dangled masks in connection with the ethnic keloid. The originality of the mask consists of two semi-discs in relief composing the cheeks on either side of a tubular mouth. This shape ends in a circular, gaping mouth, lined with teeth blanched with kaolin. Elements join the room, such as a leather band nailed around the "trompe", and a grey cotton fabric adornment attached to the contours. The surface of this Dan Bugle mask, or Kagle, is grainy, kaolin residues are ...


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270.00

Songye Kifwebe mask
African art > African mask, tribal art, primitive art > Songye mask

The tribal masks of the Songye .
African mask of the Songye ethnic group, in the south of the Democratic Republic of Congo. Featuring a high sagittal crest, this mask, here of reduced size, is considered masculine, in contrast to the feminine one highlighted by a ridge. The prominent features give it a powerful character. Matt patina, abrasions.
Three variants of this Kifwebe( pl. Bifwebe) or "chasing death"(Roberts)mask can be distinguished: the masculine (kilume) generally with a high crest, the feminine (kikashi) with a very low crest or even absent, and finally the largest embodying power (kia ndoshi). This type of mask, still used today, is worn with a long costume and a long beard made of natural fibers, absent on this example, during major ...


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340.00

Lega Lukwakongo mask
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African art > African mask, tribal art, primitive art > Lega Mask

Bleached kaolin face, protruding almond eyelids in concave eye sockets, narrow mouth placed in the end of the chin, make up the traditional canons of this African lega mask. This tribal mask indicated the stage that its holder had reached within the Bwami, a learning society composed of different ranks, and which was joined by the wives whose spouse had reached the third level, that of the ngandu. Satin brown patina, clear kaolin residue.
High on a base: 44 cm. Within the Lea, the Bwami society, open to men and women, organized social and political life. There were up to seven levels of initiation, each associated with emblems. Following their exodus from Uganda in the 17th century, the Lega settled on the west bank of the Lualaba River in the DRC. Also known as Warega, these ...


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Kongo Yombe Mask
African art > African mask, tribal art, primitive art > Kongo Mask

This African mask was the prerogative of the nganga, priest-devin. Its mediumnic capacities, which the Kongo thought to favour thanks to the taking of hallucinogenic substances, are revealed by the look at the hollowed pupils. This type of mask was called ngobudi in reference to something frightening, terrorizing. These mediating masks, also present in initiatory processes, were used by fetishists during healing rituals. At the same time, they were also used to identify individuals who, through their actions, could disturb the harmony of the community. In the 13th century, the Kongo people, led by their king Ne Kongo, settled in a region at the crossroads of the borders between the current DRC, Angola and Gabon. Two centuries later, the Portuguese came into contact with the Kongo and ...


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260.00

Small Kongo Yombe mask
African art > African mask, tribal art, primitive art > Kongo Mask

A panage of the nganga, the konko priest of Kongo, this African mask of small size and realistic type takes up kongo characters such as the look at the pierced pupil. The psychic abilities, which the Kongo thought they fostered through the taking of hallucinogenic substances, are revealed by the wide-eyed gaze. These types of masks were called ngobudi in reference to a terrible, terrifying thing. These mediating masks, also present in initiation processes, were used by fetishists during healing rituals. At the same time, they were also used to identify individuals who, through their actions, could disrupt the harmony of the community.
Orange brown patina, abrasions. Tiny residues of red pigments on the eyes and mouth. Excellent condition.
In the 13th century, the Kongo ...


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260.00

Lele, Bashilele mask
African art > African mask, tribal art, primitive art > Lele mask

In the category of masks with a flat structure, this Lele mask presents features of low relief. The unusual hairstyle forms superimposed bands. Semi-satin patina.
The Lele , neighbors of the Tschokwe and Pende , live in the west of the Kuba kingdom and share common cultural characteristics with the Bushoong of Kuba country. Both groups adorn their prestige objects with similar motifs. Their society, headed by a " nymi" king, includes three classes, that of the Tundu or war chiefs, the Batshwa ("those who reject the Tundu authority"), and the Wongo called after the neighboring ethnic group. The ritual ceremonies are under the authority of the elders, chiefs of each village who hold the secrets of medicinal plants. These elders once formed, with the parents of twins, ...


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180.00

Baoule/Yohoure mask
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African art > African mask, tribal art, primitive art > Baule mask

This tribal art sculpture of a face with delicate features has a satin black patina. Kaolin highlights mark the lowered eyelids.
These Baule portrait masks, ndoma , which are part of one of the oldest Baule artistic traditions and frequently represent an idealized character, have the particularity of appearing at the end of entertainment dance ceremonies.These are named, according to the region, bedwo , ngblo , mblo , adjussu , etc.... Each of these masks are distinguished by hairstyles, location and choice of scarification, etc... Also called Gbagba , they personify graceful young girls or men whose valor or qualities of integrity are renowned. The new generations are gradually replacing these dances Mblo called Gbagba in some villages, retaining most of the old ...


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Teke Mask - Tsaayi Kidumu
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African art > African mask, tribal art, primitive art > Teke Mask

Only the Tsaayi, among Gabon's Téké subgroups, produced wooden masks as early as the mid-19th century. They were used by members of the secret male brotherhood kidumu (the kidumu is the name of society, dance, and mask), dances at the funerals of village notables or at weddings and other important ceremonies. Since Congo's independence, they have appeared more and more at the celebrations of rejoicing. This sculpture using the plank mask is not fitted with eye perforations and could be a box mask.
The pictograms of the Téke masks emphasize oppositions symbolizing duality in the universe: circular, they are divided horizontally by a band and their surface is decorated with geometric patterns painted with white, red, black or ochre pigments. In addition to lunar symbolism, these ...


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Dan/Toma mask
African art > African mask, tribal art, primitive art > Toma mask

This mask has characteristics common to the Dan and Toma of Liberia. On the protruding forehead is a face associated with "passport masks", miniature masks that function as magical talismans. Institutions such as the Poro male society are used by different tribes on both sides of the borders of Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone. The youth initiations associated with these associations culminate in festive masked ceremonies. Velvety matte patina.
The Toma of Guinea, called Loma in Liberia, live within the forest, at high altitude. They are renowned for their landai board masks intended to enliven the initiation rites of the poro association that structures their society, and which represent bush spirits. As soon as the landai mask appeared, the initiates would go to the forest to ...


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380.00

Lega Bwami mask
African art > African mask, tribal art, primitive art > Lega mask

Mask offering an oval face, in which the heart-shaped orbits present an asymmetric look. Residual incrustations of kaolin. Golden patina. This carving indicated the stage that its holder had reached within the Bwami, an apprenticeship society composed of different grades, and which was joined by wives whose spouses had reached the third level, that of the ngandu. Height on base: 29 cm.
Within the Lega, the Bwami society open to men and women,organized social and political life. There were up to seven levels of initiation, each associated with emblems. Following their exodus from Uganda during the seventeenth century, the Lega settled on the west bank of the Lualaba River in the DRC. In ritual ceremonies, Idumu masks were presented to initiates placed on a fence and ...


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350.00

Markha mask of Ntomo
African art > African mask, tribal art, primitive art > Markha Mask

This mask with a slender jaw has a rectangular nasal ridge surmounting a narrow prominent mouth. Specificity of the sculptures marka, metal in the form of sheets highlighting the volumes of the face, is embellished with parallel strokes and punctuated with dotted lines. Speckled and matte patina, velvety. Slightly oxidized metal.
br>In African art, the Marka , Maraka en Bamana, Warka, or Sarakolé, are Muslim city dwellers of Soninke origin, settled in southern Niger, scattered since the end of the Ghana Empire in Mali, Mauritania and Senegal. They now speak bamana and have adopted much of the Bambara traditions, such as Ntomo and Koré , initiation societies that used masks during their ceremonies. The sculptors of African art Bambara and Marka are part of the Numuw , who are not ...


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100.00

Anang Idiok ekpo mask
African art > African mask, tribal art, primitive art > Anang mask

Mask of illness, possible evocation of a pathology related to the swampy environment in which the Anang of the Cross River reside. The latter would be related to the neighboring Ibibios who use idiok masks of the same type. These carved skull-like faces reflect a dangerous spirit.
Abrasions, dry patina.
The Ibibios are a West African people, mostly found in southeastern Nigeria (Akwa Ibom State), but also in Ghana, Cameroon and Equatorial Guinea. Secret societies are numerous among the Ibibio, who live west of the Cross River. Without a centralized government, their social organization is comparable to that of the neighboring Igbo. Ancestor worship, shared by the Oron and Eket settled on the right bank of the Cross River, is under the authority of the highest ranking ...


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290.00

Salampasu animal mask
African art > African mask, tribal art, primitive art > Salampasu mask

Recognizable thanks to its bulbous forehead and the shape of its nose, this Salampasu mask also bears a decoration in parallel striated patterns. However, its headdress makes it special. Semi-satin patina, abrasions. Living from hunting and agriculture, the Salampasu form a tribe of the Lulua group and are settled between the Democratic Republic of Congo and Angola, east of the Kasai River. They are surrounded to the west and south by the Tschokwe and Lunda, and to the north and east by the Kete and Lwalwa. A hierarchy of masks, simple wooden masks kasangu and copper-covered masks mukinka , was associated with the warrior society mungongo (pl. bangongo ). The wearing of these masks depended on a large contribution of livestock, drink, or other material goods from the aspirant ...


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380.00





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