African art > African mask, tribal art, primitive art > Guro mask
Animal mask Gouro/Bété du Dje (N° 20136)
Among the Gouro and the Yohoure, these African masks of the jé, Djé, reserved for men, personify the power of the spirits, which would have formed an alliance with men. Various animals are declined in these masks manifesting themselves at funerals. Women must hide when they appear. Zoomorphic mask of the southern Gouro with an articulated jaw. Grainy matt patina. Nail impressions.
Among the group of the Mande of the south, in central Côte d'Ivoire, on the banks of the Bandama, the Gouro are organized into lineages, and are the western neighbors of the Baoulé, who have borrowed several characteristics from their creations. Animists, they have used since the 1950s a family of masks associated with the Zaouli dance.
Priest and diviner share the predominant ritual functions among the Guro. Secret associations worship the genies of nature, through the masks in which the spirits are believed to reside. The masks gu, gye and dye, in the hands of notables, are displayed only during major funerals or the enthronement of a chief.
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Litt. "L' Art africain" Kerchache; "Art from the Ivory Coast" E. Fisher and L. Homberger, "Baule" S.M. Vogel; "Sculpture, Masterpieces from the Barbier Mueller Museum")
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