African art > African mask, tribal art, primitive art > Baoule mask
Baoule mask (N° 21628)
This flat, circular African mask is the least important in the hierarchy of African Goli masks.
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Embellished with a decorative chiseled border, offering protruding pupils, it has a chiseled mouth with a dentition, evoking the traditional filing of teeth in young people. This example is surmounted by a sculpted figure, represented masked, standing between the scrolled horns. According to some authors, the female kplekple mask (Masques africains Barbier-Mueller, p.116) is red. Vogel (Baule) indicates on the other hand that in the Baule version of the Goli the male mask is painted red, and the female in black. It is likely that this attribution varies from village to village.
Usually preceding the manifestation of a series of masks of the " Goli" family, this circular mask with rounded horns evoking the antelope, appears briefly during the day and then in the evening to announce the coming of its kinsman in the guise of the goli glin or the kpwan.
It was during events such as epidemics or funerals that its manifestation occurred among the Wan and the Baoulé, in order to gain the favor of the "amwin" spirits dispensing prosperity, health or even security. Nowadays, it appears during festive events, the Goli replacing little by little all other masked dances, whether they are sacred or for entertainment.
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