African art > Mask > Luluwa Mask

Bena Lulua Mask (N° 18624)

Heavy mask hem engraved with many curvilinear motifs in relief associated with the scarifications of the ethnic group. It represents a mythical ancestral hero to whom the clan worshipped. According to Rik Ceyssens in Congo Masks (p.156 . . . M.L.Félix) and as evidenced by the sketches of H.M.Lemme who accompanied Frobenius on his travels in Congo, this model of loop scarifications was then widespread in various Luluwa subgroups in 1905. The Bakwa also had this type of tribal scar. These masks are used during circumcision rites and at the funerals of notables. Satin golden brown patina, ochre inlays. The Lulua, or Béna Lulua from West Africa, settled in the south of the Democratic Republic of Congo. Their caste-based social structure is similar to that of the Luba. They produced few masks, but especially statues of ancestors representing the ideal warrior, mulalenga wa nkashaama, as well as the head of the Leopard Society and statuettes mbulenga related to the spirits of nature. Despite Kalamba Mukwenge's attempt at the end of the 19th century to eradicate traditional cults by using autodafés, the religious system was maintained, such as the fertility cult tshibola.
(Black African Tribal Art. JB Bacquart Umbangu, Art of Congo at the Royal Belgian Cogo Museum Ed. Cultura.)  

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Originex-collection belge
EthnyLulua
Countryrdc ex zaire
Material(s)wood
Height40
Width20
Weight3.00 Kg
Estimated datingmid-xx°
Socle inclusOptional

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