African art > African mask, tribal art, primitive art > Bidjogo Mask
Bidjogo Mask (N° 18427)
Ex-collection Spanish African art.
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Masque with horns, it comes from the Bidjogo , located in the Bissagos Archipelago consisting of some thirty islands off the coast of Guinea-Bissau. Tapestry nails, metal slats and red textiles adorn this mask featuring a bovine head with ajar mouth. The nostrils also have a ring. The mask is worn before or at the end of the initiation ceremonies, by a young initiate. cabaro, which will bend and bend, conveying the idea of a vigorous but still untamed young animal, and the need to go through the initiation process in order to acquire discipline and mastery. These types of masks appear today for entertainment parties and on the occasion of the passage of distinguished visitors. These masks, named vaca bruto in Portuguese Creole, were displayed on the bows of the warlords' ships. It was indeed the Portuguese sailors who introduced the animal to the archipelago in the 15th century. This population grows rice in swampy areas, and also provides for its livelihood from fishing. Other zoomorphic masks are produced, some related to aquatic fauna, and statues embodying deities, with triangular faces, named iran which have an apotropaic function and are placed sheltered in sanctuaries.
Sources: Black African animal masks Ed. Sepia; " African masks Ed. Adam Biro.
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|Material(s)||wood, cornes, metal et textile|
|Estimated dating||2ème halfxx°|
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