African art > Mask > Ci wara mask
Ci wara Bambara Crest Mask (N° 18073)
The Ti-wara in African art.
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This would be an animal - genie called Ciwara who would have taught the Bambaras to cultivate the land. The latter recall the myth through the stylized representation of a hipporague antelope, whose name ci wara signifies of the earth. Decorated on the head and the sides of metal veneers engraved with repulsed, the ears and snout are also embellished with pom poms of cotton thread. The top of the horns tilted backwards is also sheathed with leather and hair. This vertical sculpture of Ci Wara is shown here with successive arches depicting the mane, so it is a male antelope. Masks usually danced as a couple. Mate patina, scattered abrasions.
Ported to the top of the skull and held in place by a basket-shaped toque, these cimiers accompanied the dancers during the rituals of the tion , an association dedicated to agricultural work. The masks bound the field as they leaped to drive out nyama, evil scents, and to detect any danger, or to flush out evil geniuses that could delight the souls of cultivated plants and the vital force of their seeds.
In central and southern Mali, the Bambara, Bamana " or unbelievers, as the Muslims have named them, belong to the great Mande group, along with the Soninke and Malinke. Animists, they believe in the existence of a creative god generically called Ngala, who has 266 sacred attributes. One, every day of the 9 lunar months that lasts the gestation of a child. Ngala maintains the order of the universe. Its existence coexists with another androgynous god called Faro, who has given all the qualities to men and who grows the fruits of the earth.
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|Material(s)||wood, metal, coton, crin|
|Estimated dating||2ème halfxx°|
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