African art > African mask, tribal art, primitive art > Ti Wara mask
Ci wara horinzontal crest mask (N° 21680)
Belonging to the regional type Goso kun ,emanating from the Bamako region, this horizontal African mask is covered with parallel incisions evoking the animal's coat. The tapered ears, in line with the horns, are perforated at regular intervals. The size of the stylized head contrasts with the rest of the body, which seems ready to leap.
In African tribal ritual, worn atop the skull and held in place by a cotton skullcap, these African masks accompanied dancers dressed in black fiber tunics during the rituals of the tòn, an association dedicated to agricultural work.
The fifth initiation society Bambara , Bamana , is called tyiwara ( ci , cultivate, wara , fawn) and is still practiced today in some villages. These crest masks evoking the antelope, oryx or dagé hippotrague depending on the case, come in vertical and horizontal variations. Presenting themselves to the public in pairs, male and female, the wearers of the masks adopt a symbolic choreography related to agriculture.
The masks would leap around the field in order to chase away the nyama, evil effluvia, from the field and to detect any danger, or to flush out the evil genies that could ravish the souls of the cultivated plants as well as the life force of their seeds.
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Irregular matt oiled surface. Native restoration on the neck (metal staples)
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