African art > African mask, tribal art, primitive art > Baule mask
Kplé kplé of Goli Baoule mask (N° 20140)
This circular African mask, known as "junior", has hollowed out eyes surmounted by circular pupils, and a rectangular mouth in which a dentition is chiseled, in reference to the traditional filing of teeth in young people. The female kplekple mask, according to some authors (Masques africains Barbier-Mueller, p.116), is red. Vogel (Baule) indicates on the other hand that in the Baule version of the Goli the male mask is painted red, and the female in black. It is likely that this attribution varies from village to village.
Generally preceding the manifestation of a series of masks of the " Goli" family, this circular mask with rounded horns evoking the antelope, is considered in some cases to be a male mask, kplekple yassoua or yaswa, as opposed to the female kplekple bla . He appears briefly during the day and then in the evening to announce the coming of his kinship in the guise of the goli glin or the kpwan.
It was during events such as epidemics or funerals that its manifestation occurred among the Wan and the Baoulé, in order to gain the favor of the "amwin" spirits dispensing prosperity, health or even security. Nowadays, it appears during festive events, the Goli replacing little by little all other masked dances, whether they are sacred or for entertainment.
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