African art > African mask > Ligbi Mask
Ligbi/Djimini mask from Dô Siginkuru-Ayna (N° 18693)
Ex-collection French African art.
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African masks and Muslim influence
Established in Côte d'ivoire, but also in Ghana, the Ligbi, Islamicized, were however influenced by tribal sculpture, since they commissioned the Senoufo or Mande to carve their masks. The Djimini, for their part, are Senoufo living in the region of Dabakala. This is why their masks linked to the society of the do whose dances were generally supervised by the Ligbi are imbued with these reciprocal influences.
This masked tradition, shared by the Djimini, was kept to manifest itself during the religious festivals of aïd-el-fitr and Aïd el Kébir (feast of the sheep) accompanied by sacrifices and songs, and symbolizing in this way the breaking of the fast. Just before the festivities, if necessary, the mask will be repainted and then coated with koro, which consists of burnt foliage whose ashes are mixed with palm oil.
An enigmatic face with scarified eyelids and a pointed chin is surmounted by horns between which a figure stands. The horns are reminiscent of the buffalo mask siginkuru-ayna, the scene evoking the sacrificial ox associated with the image of the "Ancient Muslim" Horingyo.
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