African art > African mask, tribal art, primitive art > Ligbi mask
Ligbi mask (N° 22666)
A fine-featured face wears a headdress carved with janiform heads. The harmoniously curved volumes of the face are highlighted with colored streaks, while highlights in similar colors enhance the upper elements.
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Established in Ivory Coast, but also in Ghana, the Ligbi , Islamized, however suffered the influence of Senoufo tribal sculpture, since they charged Senufo or of the Mandé to carve their masks. The Djimini, on the other hand, are Senufo living in the Dabakala region. This is the reason why their masks linked to the do society whose dances were generally supervised by the Ligbi are imbued with these reciprocal influences.
This masked tradition, shared by the Djimini, has been preserved to manifest itself during the religious festivals of aïd-el-fitr and Aïd el-Kébir (festival sheep) accompanied by sacrifices and songs, and thus symbolizing the breaking of the fast. Just before the festivities, if necessary, the mask will be repainted and therefore coated with koro, composed of burnt foliage whose ashes are mixed with palm oil.
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