African art > African mask > Luba Mask
Luba animal mask (N° 18508)
Small african mask unusual, of reduced volume, showing a volatile. In its larger version, it was worn in the company of a circular kifwebe mask accessorized with a voluminous raffia collar that concealed the dancer. This type of mask forms a fetish sculpture with a protective purpose. These masks occurred during different traditions: investitures, funerals, and rites against witchcraft in the various initiation societies. In the eastern part of the Luba region, important ceremonies are held in tribute to the clan's ancestors, deceased chiefs, and the new moon. Offerings are then granted to the spirits of nature, intermediate between the group and the ancestors. Height on a base: 31 cm.
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Shout the Luba the white is synonymous with the relationship with the spiritual world and the moon, which also evokes the circular shape of the object. Pupils in the centre of large circular orbits are hollowed out; the small erect ears and the hooked beak evoke the owl or the owl. Patina polychrome mate.
High on a base: 52 cm.
The Luba, or Baluba in Tchiluba, are a people of Central Africa. Their cradle is the Katanga, specifically the region of the Lubu River, hence the name (Baluba, which means the Lubas). They were born from a secession of the Songhoy ethnic group, under the leadership of Ilunga Kalala who killed the old king Kongolo, who has since been revered as a python. In the 16th century they created a state, organized in a decentralized chiefdom, which stretched from the Kasai River to Lake Tanganyika. The chiefdoms cover a small territory without a real border that includes no more than three villages.
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|Country||rdc ex zaire|
|Estimated dating||2ème halfxx°|
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