African art > African mask, tribal art, primitive art > Luba Mask
Luba animal mask (N° 19100)
The eastern Lubas had some zoomorphic masks associated with kifwebe dance. They occurred during the ritual ceremonies of the society kazanzi , in charge of fighting against witchcraft. "Bifwebe" (Sing.: kifwebe) would mean, moreover, according to C. Faïk-Nzuji, "to hunt death". Worn with a voluminous raffia collar that concealed the dancer, this mask was generally danced in company of a zoomorphic mask.
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Matt patina, cracks and lacks on the crest.
The Luba (Baluba in tchiluba) are a people from Central Africa.
Their cradle is Katanga, more precisely the region of the Lubu river, so the name (Baluba, which means "the Lubas"). They were born from a secession of the Songhoy ethnic group, under the leadership of Ilunga Kalala, who had the old king Kongolo, venerated since then in the form of a python, die.
In the 16th century they created a state, organized as a decentralized chieftaincy, which extended from the Kasai River to Lake Tanganyika. The chiefdoms cover a small territory without real border that includes at most three villages.
Ref : "Luba" Roberts, "Luba" F. Neyt, ed. Dapper Museum; "Around the Songye" J. Volper)
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|Country||rdc ex zaire|
|Estimated dating||2ème halfxx°|
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