African art > African mask, tribal art, primitive art > Lulua mask
Lulua mask (N° 21753)
African mask characterized by protruding eyelids housed in large bleached globes, and various curvilinear keloids and pellets, specificity Luluwa .
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The Lulua masks were used mainly during circumcision rites and at the funerals of notables.
According to Rik Ceyssens in "Congo Masks" (p.156. Ed. MLFélix) and as attested by the sketches of HMLemme who accompanied Frobenius during his travels in the Congo, this model of scarifications in loops were then widespread in different areas. -Luluwa groups in 1905. The Bakwa also had this type of tribal scars.
It is in the south of the Democratic Republic of Congo that the Lulua , or Béna Lulua , from West Africa have settled. . Their social structure, based on castes, is similar to that of the Luba. They produced few masks, but mostly statues of ancestors representing the ideal warrior, mulalenga wa nkashaama , as well as the leader of the Leopard society and mbulenga statuettes. related to the spirits of nature. Despite Kalamba Mukwenge's attempt at the end of the 19th century to eradicate traditional cults by resorting to autodafés, the religious system continued, such as the tshibola fertility cult.
(Tribal art of black Africa. JB Bacquart; "Umbangu, Art of the Congo at the Royal Museum of Belgian Cogo" ed. Cultura