African art > Mask > Lulua Mask
Luluwa Mask, Lulua (N° 13865)
Ex-collection Belgian African art.
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The Lulua, or Béna Lulua from West Africa, settled in the south of the Democratic Republic of Congo. Their caste-based social structure is similar to that of the Luba. They produced few masks, but especially statues of ancestors representing the ideal warrior, mulalenga wa nkashaama, as well as the head of the Leopard Society and statuettes mbulenga related to the spirits of nature. Despite Kalamba Mukwenge's attempt at the end of the 19th century to eradicate traditional cults by using autodafés, the religious system was maintained, such as the fertility cult tshibola. This mask with a protruding forehead would come from the Luluwa tribes. One of the hook side appendages has a break in the jaw. Lacks, minimal bursts and patina abrasions.
Selon Rik Ceyssens in Congo Masks (p.156 . . . M.L.Félix) and as evidenced by the sketches of H.M.Lemme who accompanied Frobenius on his travels in Congo, this model of loop scarifications was then widespread in various Luluwa subgroups in 1905. The Bakwa also had this type of tribal scar. (Tribal art of black Africa. JB Bacquart Umbangu, Art of Congo at the Royal Belgian Cogo Museum Ed. Cultura.)
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|Country||rdc ex zaire|
|Estimated dating||2ème halfxx°|
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