African art > African mask, tribal art, primitive art > Masque League

Masque League (N° 14922)

A slender shape and clean features for this Lega mask that was not worn in front of the face but arranged on a claie with other masks of different sizes, attached to the arm, the neck, or held by hand. The eyebrow arch is streaked with hatches associated with traditional scarifications. A long raffia beard accompanies this tribal mask. Clear patina, grainy kaolin residue. This African Lega mask indicated the stage that its holder had reached within the Bwami, a learning society composed of different ranks, and which were joined by wives whose spousehad reached the third level, that of the ngandu . Mask with beard: 44 cmWithin the Lega, the society of the Bwami open to men and women, organized social and political life. There were up to seven levels of initiation, each associated with emblems. Following their exodus from Uganda in the 17th century, the Lega settled on the west bank of the Lualaba River in the DRC. Also called Warega, these individuals live in self-contained villages surrounded by palisades, usually on top of hills. The role of the chief, kindi, is held by the oldest man in the clan, who must be the highest-ranking. As in other forest tribes, men hunt and clear while women grow cassava. Social recognition and authority also had to be won individually: the chief owed his selection to his heart (mutima), good character, intelligence, and impeccable behavior. During ritual ceremonies, Idumu masks were presented to initiates placed on a fence and surrounded by smaller masks. This mask is used during the initiation rites of the Bwami society. It is open to men and women. The passage of a rank indicated the acquisition of a certain individual wisdom and morality.  

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OriginCollection française
EthnyLega
Countryrdc ex zaire
Material(s)wood
Height21
Width13
Weight0.15 Kg
Socle includedYes

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