African art > Mask > Masque Zande
Masque Zande, Azande (N° 16857)
Zande primitive mask with zoomoprhes and anthropomoprhes: the nose evokes the beak of a bird. Reddish and brown patina, white clay highlights.
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Onesses referred to as " Niam-Niam " because they are considered anthropophages, the tribes grouped under the name Zande , Azandé , settled, from Chad, on the border of the R.D.C. (Zaire), Sudan and the Central African Republic. According to their beliefs, man is endowed with two souls, one of whom turns into a totem animal of the clan to which he belongs. The African tribal art of the Zande, or ", which possess a lot of land, apart from their court art consisting of spoons, receptable, pipes and harps, counts two types of statues: The Kudu statues of a height of between 30 and 50 cm represent ancestors. There are also statues called Yanda of 10 to 20 cm, of animal or human form, having an apotropaic role, exhibited during divinatory rites during the rituals of the Mani-Yanda society. The leaders of this association gathered a dozen statues on an altar in a hut in the forest.
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