African art > African mask, tribal art, primitive art > Songye mask
Songye Kifwebe Mask (N° 21401)
Among the iconic sculptures of African tribal art, this rare version of the African Songye mask, the kikashi, embodies a positive force.
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The eyes, narrow and close together, extend toward the temples in diamond-shaped, whitened patterns.
The absence of a nasofrontal ridge would indicate that this is a female mask. The pastillage is also unusual, as is the scarified mark on the forehead. A woven raffia strap borders the lower contours.
Abraded matte patina.
Three variants of this mask Kifwebe ( pl. Bifwebe) or "chasing death"(Roberts),from the society of the same name, can be distinguished: the masculine (kilume) usually with a high crest, the feminine (kikashi) with a very low crest or even absent, and finally the largest embodying power (kia ndoshi). This type of mask, still used today, seems to come from the border area between the Northern Luba and the Songye of the Southeast. They are worn by a dancer Kifwebe in a state of "bwadi" trances , accessorized with a long woven costume and a long natural fiber ornament attached to the mask's contours, during major ceremonies.
The Songye came from the Shaba region of the DRC and settled along the Lualaba River in the middle of the savannah and forests. They are governed by the yakitengé and by local chiefs. The Bwami secret society, however, counterbalances their power. Their male masks, with occult powers, were displayed during punitive and disciplinary expeditions.
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|Country||rdc ex zaire|
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