African art > African mask, tribal art, primitive art > Zande mask
Zande mask (N° 19896)
African Zande mask with obliquely cut eyelids, a long nose with linear scarification marks, and a smiling mouth set into the flatness of the face. Incised motifs, associated with traditional tribal paintings and keloids, adorn the face. Two-tone patina locally abraded, residual inlays of kaolin. Indigenous restoration, missing on the contours.
Formerly known as "Niam-Niam" because they were considered to be anthropophagous, the tribes grouped under the name of Zande, Azandé, settled from Chad on the border of the DRC (Zaire), Sudan and the Central African Republic. According to their beliefs, man is endowed with two souls, one of which transforms into the animal-totem of the clan to which he belongs upon his death. The African tribal art of the Zande, or "those who own a lot of land", apart from their court art composed of spoons, receptacles, pipes and harps, has two types of statues: Kudu statues, 30 to 50 cm high, represent ancestors. There are also statues known as Yanda of 10 to 20 cm, of animal or human form, having an apotropaic role, exposed during the divinatory rites during the rituals of the Mani-Yanda society. The leaders of this association grouped about ten statues on an altar in a hut in the forest.
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|Country||rdc ex zaire|
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