African art > Maternity > Statue Baoule
Maternity Baule Waka sona (N° 17954)
br-Probably the embodiment of a female goddess, this figure depicted sitting in a royal seat presents a child with his arms outstretched. Traditional keloid scars are carefully chiseled, jewelry indicates its status and braids collected in shells form a refined hairstyle. In front of the effigy, a container with decorative motifs engraved with contours and the hemmed edges of a textile pad sewn with cured, contained kaolin or other ointment for ritual use. These statues were kept on the altar olyo where sacrifices were made to the spirits. Crack restored on the base. Ocre grainy patina.
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Two types of statues are produced by the Baoulé in the ritual framework: The Waka-Sona statues, be wooden in baoulé, evoke a silish oussou, being from the earth. They are part of a type of statues intended to be used as a medium tool by the soothsayers komian, the latter being selected by the spirits asye usu in order to communicate the revelations of the afterlife. The second type of statues, made according to the indications of the soothsayer, are the spouses of the afterlife, male, Blolo bian or feminine, the blolo bia . About 60 ethnic groups populate Côte d'Ivoire, including the Baoulé in the centre, Akans from Ghana, the savannah people, hunting and farming, as well as the Gouro, whose cults and masks they borrowed. The basic unit is lineage, under the responsibility of an elder, whose functions are political and religious. During the 18th century, united under a single banner, this Akan people was, according to legend, guided by Queen Aba Pokou to the gold mining region in eastern Côte d'Ivoire to settle there.
Ref.: Baule Susan M. Vogel
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|Material(s)||wood, perles, cauris, textile|
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