African art > Maternity, statues, bronze, wood > Phemba Statue
Maternity Kongo Yombe Pfemba (N° 18630)
Sculpture Kongo realistic type, named Phemba or Pfemba, she embodies the ancestor of the clan, female figure mediator. Children would embody the matrilineal transmission of power. Scarifications dot his bust. The Yombe adorned their textiles, mats and loincloths, with diamonds in relation to proverbs glorifying work and social unity. The mouth reveals traditionally lined teeth, the gaze evokes the ability of the ancestor to discern occult things. Smooth black skate with grenats.br/>Clan reflections of the Kongo group, the Yombe established on the west coast of Africa, in the south-west of the Republic of Congo and in Angola. Their statuary includes remarkable maternity. The use of this type of sculpture remains unknown.
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Shach the Kongo, nganga was in charge of the rituals by activating a spiritual force with a nkondi (pl. nkissi). The term nkisi was then used to refer to the terms of 'sacred' or 'divine'. The most influential category of 'minkisi kongo' consisted of instruments to help regional leaders enforce the law. Its appearance thus personified the force residing there. From the second half of the 20th century, minkondi minkisi were strategically placed along the coasts of the Loango kingdom to protect against European incursions. Among the most powerful, the Mangaaka was considered the 'king' and 'master', supreme arbiter of conflicts and protector of communities, and who became the most ambitious and monumental sculptural genre.
Source: 'The Kongo Gesture' Ed. Dapper Museum and Treasures of Africa Tervuren Museum; The Soul of Africa Diakonoff.
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