African art > Maternity, statues, bronze, wood > Phemba statue
Maternity carved Phemba Kongo Yombé (N° 21918)
A sub-group of the Kongo ethnic group, the Yombe, established on the West African coast, in the south-west of the Republic of Congo and in Angola, are characterized by a statuary in which various maternity figures abound: round or pointed headdresses, mouths ajar on slender teeth, sometimes glazed eyes in which the pupils are clearly visible, kneeling, standing, seated figures. The Solongo cultures of Angola and Yombé were largely influenced by the Kongo kingdom from which they borrowed naturalistic statuary and religious rites by means of carved fetishes nkondo nkisi.
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This sculpture of a woman seated cross-legged embodies the ancestor associated with fertility cults. Carefully intricate scarifications dot her bust. These cuts, made with needles, knives and razors, were then coated with charcoal or ashes to accelerate healing and form salient patterns. The glazed gaze, a symbol of clairvoyance, indicates access to the realm of the spirits.
Golden brown patina, cracks.
Ref. : "Maternity in the art of black Africa" Massa; "Black African Tribal Art" Bacquart.
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|Country||rdc ex zaire|
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