African art > Maternity > Kongo Box
Pfemba Kongo Maternity Box (N° 17734)
Tribal sculpture of the Kongo , this female effigy seated in a suit, supporting an anthropomorphic pattern box, embodies a mediating figure that constitutes the ancestor of the clan, evidenced by the scarifications of the orange. The child on his lap embodies the matrilineal transmission of power. The Yombe adorned their textiles, mats and loincloths with diamonds in relation to proverbs glorifying work and social unity. The mouth reveals teeth traditionally lined, the eyes are whitened, underlining the ability of the ancestor to discern occult things. Desication cracks.
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br /Clan of the Kongo group, the Yombe established on the west coast of Africa, in the south-west of the Republic of Congo and in Angola. Their statuary includes remarkable maternity.
Shach the Kongo, nganga was in charge of the rituals by activating a spiritual force with a nkondi (pl. nkissi). The term nkisi was then used to refer to the terms of 'sacred' or 'divine'. The most influential category of 'minkisi kongo' consisted of instruments to help regional leaders enforce the law. A metal object was nailed to a wooden figure as soon as a decision was made, each nail evoking a particular case: litigants, divorce, conflicts between communities. Among the most powerful, the Mangaaka was considered the 'king' and 'master', supreme arbiter of conflicts and protector of communities, and who became the most ambitious and monumental sculptural genre.
Source: 'The Kongo Gesture' Ed. Dapper Museum and Treasures of Africa Tervuren Museum; The Soul of Africa Diakonoff.
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|Country||rdc ex zaire|
|Estimated dating||2ème halfxx°|
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