African art > Bronze rider, wooden rider, dogon, yoruba > Yoruba rider
Yoruba rider figure (N° 19936)
It is in a carved statuette intended to appear on a Yoruba altar that is embodied here a deified ancestor, or one of the multiple gods, orisa, comparable to Christian saints. The latter animate the pantheon of the Yoruba, either the divine messenger Esù or Elégba . The equine, rare in the region, was an attribute of prestige that was reserved for the nobility and the rulers.
This sculpture has certain constant elements and characteristics such as a mount with different proportions from the rider. The horse perched on a pedestal is indeed smaller in size. The character with a typically Yoruba face has triple incisions on his face, smokes a pipe and carries a spear. Shaded patina. Residues of kaolin.
The Yoruba, more than 20 million, occupy southwestern Nigeria and the central and southeastern region of Benin under the name Nago. They are patrilineal and practice excision and circumcision.
Centered on its multiple gods or orisa, the Yoruba religion is illustrated by its altars on which sacrifices are performed. The arts and coded messages, àroko , are thus used to worship these gods who are supposed to have taken human form.
Ref: "Yoruba " B. Lawal.
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|Material(s)||wood, plant fibre|
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