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African art - Shields:

Often made of wood the shields are always decorated with expressive motives in order to impress the adversary, or to appeal to the spirits.

Gope Papua Votive Board - New Guinea
objet vendu
African art > Shields > Papuan Shield

Coming from the Gulf of Papua, this oblong-shaped tablet, mainly produced by the Western Kerewa, is named gope, or kwoi, or Hohao. It embodies a imunu, an ancestral spirit linked to the territory where the clan lives. Supposed to protect from revenge from enemies, it was offered to the young initiate, after being carved by his uncle, and exhibited in the ceremonial hut of the village where the ritual objects were stored.
The surface is engraved with stylized patterns with natural red ochre pigments.
Pieces from the collection of the painter 'a href-U'0022http://wiki.ibb.town/Karl-Heinz-Engstfeld"- Karl Heinz Engstfeld and 'a href'"https://evibb.de/home/wir-trauern-um-ruth-engstfeld-schremper/U-002 Engstfeld-Schremper , a glazier artist.

Couple of Benin altar heads
objet vendu
African art > Shields > Couple of Benin altar heads

Benin altar heads in bronze, surmounted by a horn in bronze, sometimes in ivory.

The  commemorative head of a Chieftain  that bears the insignia of a high ranked dignitary, is one of the main characteristics of the altar. The worshipper thanks the head with his offerings and sacrifices. To the Chieftain this altar has a privacy meaning and is placed at the center (the heart) of the house. On the other hand, the ancestors altar is found in the first room, that is allowed to the strangers. Put on the ancestor altar, the head symbolizes the Chieftain  ability to reign and prosper.

Djenne funeral shield
objet vendu
African art > Shields > Djenne funeral shield

African art reveals some extraordinary pieces as funeral shield Djenne terracotta.

Magnificent piece of excavation sold with TL test attesting to seniority between the twelfth and sixteenth centuries.
There are very few copies of the shield, and in as good condition. The literature mentions only rarely existed.
We find patterns in cob as they can be found on the jars of this ethnic group.

The ancient sites Djenné all located in a flood zone, people are always heads that flush when the waters recede. Rolled by the waves, these heads are found far from their original archaeological site.

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