African art > African Statues > Statue Zande
Ancestor figure Zande, Azande (N° 19253)
The Zande sculpted a very wide variety of ritual objects. The figure opposite would constitute the support of the spirit of a female ancestor. There are similarities with the Mangbetu sculpture. Frequent contacts with the latter have indeed allowed the diffusion of their culture within the Zande.
Oiled black patina.
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Formerly referred to as " Niam-Niam " because they were considered anthropophagous, the tribes grouped under the name Zande , Azandé , settled on the border of the DRC (Zaire), Sudan and the Central African Republic from Chad. According to their beliefs, man is endowed with two souls, one of which is transformed upon his death into the animal-totem of the clan to which he belongs. Their sculptures have been linked to their secret society since the beginning of the 20th century, the Mani, exalting the importance of women. Their statuettes Yanda, exhibited during divinatory sessions in which the head of the society coated them with paste and blew smoke at them, assume an apotropaic role. On the other hand, they used poison oracles in many circumstances.
Litt. 100 People of Zaire and their sculpture" M.L. Félix.
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