African art > Statues > Statues Luba
Couple primordial Luba (N° 14969)
br-Sceptres, statuettes of ancestors, objects of divination in the primitive art of the Luba
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The Luba were mainly established in the Upemba valley and along the banks of the Lualaba.This couple of androgynous figures, with long arms and legs intertwined, face each other. A tiara with losangic motifs delimits a deliberately shaved forehead. These statuettes were ritually oiled in homage to the ancestors. Erosions. Dark skate. According to P. Nooter these figures also represented the soothsayer's wife, which underlines its importance in the divination process bilumbu . According to some Luba, however, although a woman, she would represent the first soothsayer Luba, and would also be an allegory of royalty linked to the powerful society of the Mbudye associated with royal power. This type of protective figures offering a meditative physiognomy would embody an ancestor communicating with the guardian spirits, "mvidye", intermediaries between the spiritual world and individuals, and who can also embody the spirits of nature in the Luba of Kasai and also the first devin Luba, allegory of royalty linked to the powerful society of m.
With the Luba, the king, mulopwe, occupied the highest position of a complex command system. He partially delegated his powers to local lineage leaders or secondary chiefs, whom he himself designated. Like the king, these chiefs used symbols of authority strongly similar to those of the king and bestowed upon them by the king. These symbols include command sticks, cariatid stools, arrow carriers and divination bowls. The dignitaries used them to justify and strengthen their social position. Among our sources: "Luba", F. Neyt; "Treasures of Africa" Museum of Tervuren.
Ref.: U.022Luba" Roberts, U.0022Luba" F. Neyt, ed. Dapper Museum.)
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