African art > African statues : tribal fetish, maternity > Statue Yombe
Maternity figure Yombe Pfemba (N° 16845)
Tribal sculpture of the Kongo , this female effigy seated in a tailor embodies the ancestor of the clan, a mediating figure, evidenced by the orange scarifications of the back. The child on his lap embodies the matrilineal transmission of power. The Yombe adorned their textiles, mats and loincloths, with diamonds in relation to proverbs glorifying work and social unity. The mouth reveals teeth traditionally lined, the eyes are glazed, underlining the ability of the ancestor to discern occult things. Reddish varnished patina.
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Clan of the Kongo group, the Yombe established on the west coast of Africa, in the south-west of the Republic of Congo and in Angola. Their statuary includes remarkable maternity.
Shach the Kongo, nganga was in charge of the rituals by activating a spiritual force with a nkondi (pl. nkissi). The term nkisi was then used to refer to the terms "sacréu-0022 or "divin". The most influential category of the "minkisi kongo" consisted of instruments designed to help regional leaders enforce the law. A metal object was nailed to a wooden figure as soon as a decision was made, each nail evoking a particular case: litigants, divorce, conflicts between communities... The nkondi wanted to ensure that the agreement to resolve the conflict was properly implemented, and that individuals feared the consequences of their behaviour. Its appearance thus personified the force residing there. From the second half of the 20th century, minkondi minkisi were strategically placed along the coasts of the Loango kingdom to protect against European incursions. Among the most powerful, the Mangaaka was considered the "roi" and "maître", supreme arbiter of conflicts and protector of communities, and which became the most ambitious and monumental sculptural genre.
Source: ", the Kongo" Ed gesture. Dapper Museum and "Sors of Africa, 0022 Tervuren Museum; "The Soul of Africa, " s.Diakonoff.
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