African art > Statues > Statue Senoufo
Senoufo Ritual Figure (N° 16666)
This feminine figure is surmounted by a lidded container, carved with a stage where zoomorphic subjects mingle, in connection with the bird of divination, in this case the calao grabbing a snake. Caramel ice cream surface with kaolin residue. A wing of the birds is broken.
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The Senoufo, a name given to them by French settlers, are mostly made up of farmers who have dispersed between Mali, Côte d'Ivoire, and Burkina Faso. The councils of elders, led by an elected chief, administer the Senoufo villages. Governed by matrilineal traditions, they are composed of clusters of dwellings named katiolo . Each of them has its own association Poro which introduces young boys from the age of seven in a succession of three cycles lasting seven years. They gather in a sacred enclosure called sinzanga located near the village, among the trees. When one of the Poro members died, the statues named pombibele were displayed. Although exclusively male, Poro actually pays tribute by these statues to the supposed founder of the sinzanga Women's society sandogo manages divination in order to appease the spirits of the bush, and also has statues. The statues deble , used by the soothsayers, depict spirits from the bush in a human form. These spirits receive offerings in exchange for their protection from all kinds of plagues.
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