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Statue Baoulé Waka Sona (N° 14770)
The Akan cults in African art
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This naturalistic sculpture forms an unusual representation of a "Waka -Sona", "being of wood in baoulé", with hands in the back enclosed by ties. Many checkerboard scarifications run through the captive's anatomy. A certain thinness, illustrated by the realism of raised ribs, constitutes an additional detail of his anatomy. This singular object was probably intended to benefit the reputation of its holder, the soothsayer. Light brown patina on which blackish film residues of ritual libation remain.
Two types of statues Waka- Sona , or "Waka-Sran" are produced by baoulé in the ritual setting: those that evoke a assiè oussou, be of the earth, and which are part of a set of statues intended to be used as a medium tool by the soothsayers komien, the latter being selected by the spirits asye usu in order to communicate the revelations of the afterlife. The second type of statues are the spouses of the afterlife, male, Blolo bian or feminine, the bia blolo .
About 60 ethnic groups inhabit Côte d'Ivoire, including the Baoulé, in the centre, Akans from Ghana, a savannah people, hunting and farming, as well as the Gouro whose cults and masks they borrowed. The basic unit is lineage, under the responsibility of an elder, whose functions are political and religious.
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