African art > African statues : tribal fetish, maternity > Statue Senoufo
Statue Deble Senoufo (N° 18868)
The stylized figures of African tribal art
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The oblong face, on which run parallel lines associated with the sacrifices, is topped with shells joined together in an elegant crest. This female figure has forearms that thicken towards the hands, which are placed at an angle on either side of the lower abdomen. The legs sink into the drumstick base called "sedine" or "dol" depending on the dialect. The narrow bust has a conical chest and signs symbolizing tribal keloids. Smooth, semi-satinized patina, residual ochre incrustations.
The Senoufos, the name given to them by French settlers, are mostly composed of farmers who have dispersed between Mali, Côte d'Ivoire, and Burkina Faso. Councils of elders, led by an elected chief, administer the Senoufo villages. Governed by matrilineal traditions, they are composed of clusters of dwellings named katiolo . Each of them has its own association Poro which initiates young boys from the age of seven in a succession of three cycles lasting seven years. They gather in a sacred enclosure called sinzanga located near the village, among the trees. At the time of the death of one of the members of the Poro, statues named pombibele were exhibited. Although exclusively male, the Poro society actually pays homage through these statues to the supposed founder of the sinzanga The female society sandogo manages divination in order to appease the bush spirits, and also has statues. The statues deble , used by the diviners, represent bush spirits in human form. These spirits receive offerings in exchange for their protection from all kinds of plagues.
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