African art > African statues : tribal fetish, maternity > Statue Yoruba
Statue Yoruba (N° 13936)
This female figure, wearing an altier head, embodies a high-lineage ancestor sitting on a prestigious stool: her hairstyle consisting of crowned braids is that of dignitaries, she wears a leather amulet "tyrah", originally islamic, supposed to protect her with her descendants. Its appearance is unique to yoruba statuary, whose main characteristics remain the large globular almond eyes and the deep jugal scarifications known in "griffes".The Yoruba society is very organized and has a highly organized several associations with varying roles. While men's society egbe reinforces social norms, the aro unites farmers. The gelede has more esoteric and religious aims. The notables come together in a society called esusu. The kingdoms of Oyo and Ijebu were born following the demise of the Ifé civilization and are still the basis of the Yoruba political structure. The Oyo created two cults centered on the societies Egungun and Sango, who venerate their gods, the Orisa , through ceremonies using masks, statuettes, sceptres and divination supports. The slave trade helped spread Yoruba' beliefs across continents. Source: "The Maternity in Black African Art" G. MASSA.
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|Estimated dating||circa 1960|
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