African art > Statues > Statuette Pfemba
Statuette maternity Yombe Pfemba (N° 17153)
Tribal sculpture of the Kongo , this miniature sculpture depicting a motherhood seated in a tailor embodies the ancestor of the clan, a mediating figure. The child on his lap embodies the matrilineal transmission of power. The mouth reveals traditionally lined teeth, while the gaze emphasizes the ancestor's ability to discern occult things.
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Clan of the Kongo group, the Yombe established on the west coast of Africa, in the south-west of the Republic of Congo and in Angola. Their statuary includes remarkable maternity.
Shach the Kongo, nganga was in charge of the rituals by activating a spiritual force with a nkondi (pl. nkissi). The term nkisi was then used to refer to the terms "sacréu-0022 or "divin". The most influential category of the "minkisi kongo" consisted of instruments designed to help regional leaders enforce the law. A metal object was nailed to a wooden figure as soon as a decision was made, each nail evoking a particular case: litigants, divorce, conflicts between communities... The nkondi wanted to ensure that the agreement to resolve the conflict was properly implemented, and that individuals feared the consequences of their behaviour. Its appearance thus personified the force residing there. From the second half of the 20th century, minkondi minkisi were strategically placed along the coasts of the Loango kingdom to protect against European incursions. Among the most powerful, the Mangaaka was considered the "roi" and "maître", supreme arbiter of conflicts and protector of communities, and which became the most ambitious and monumental sculptural genre.
Source: ", the Kongo" Ed gesture. Dapper Museum and "Sors of Africa, 0022 Tervuren Museum; "The Soul of Africa, " s.Diakonoff.
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|Country||rdc ex zaire|
|Estimated dating||2ème halfxx°|
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