African art > African Statues > Yaka figure
Yaka / Suku Yiteke figure (N° 13900)
African art, charms of lineages.
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Ex-french tribal art collection.
The abdomen of this anthropomorphic figure embodying a mediator ancestor was emptied to receive relics of ancestor or a magical ritual charge. A similar figure painted red ochre, in miniature, is attached to the neck of the character, a fish hangs in his back. These tribal statues providing protection against enemies were carried out according to the instructions of the Nganga ngoombu and the sponsor of the object. This powerful object of tribal art was then activated with rituals and incantations. The headgear of this figure, similar to that of the neighbouring Zombos who produced fetishes of the same type, is representative of those of the Kwango River region.
One of the feet is damaged. Uneven matte surface, kaolin and red ochre bark residues.
Hierarchical and authoritarian, composed of formidable warriors, the Yaka society was governed by leaders of lineage who had the right to life and death over their subjects. The hunt and the prestige that results from it are an opportunity for the Yaka today to invoke the ancestors and to resort to rituals using charms related to the institution "khosi". The society of initiation of young people is n-khanda , which is found in the Eastern Kongo (Chokwe, Luba, etc...),and which uses various charms and masks in order to ensure a vigorous lineage. The ethnic groups Suku and Yaka , very close geographically, have the same social and political structure as well as similar cultural practices. They can only be differentiated by their stylistic variations. (C.M.Faïk-Nzuji, "The Power of the Sacred")( "Treasures of Africa" ed. Museum of Tervuren)
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|Material(s)||wood, plant fibre|
|Estimated dating||1ère halfxx°|
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