African art > African statues : tribal fetish, maternity > Zande figure
Zande male figure (N° 20071)
The Zande mainly carved two types of statues, the Kudu, between 30 and 50 cm high represent ancestors, and the Yanda statues of 10 to 20 cm, of animal or human form, having an apotropaic role, exhibited during divinatory rites during the rituals of the Mani society. This statuette, whose face with a flat chin forms an overhang, offers reduced arms and stubby, spread-out lower limbs. Beige patina encrusted with kaolin. Desiccation cracks and erosions.
Formerly known as "Niam-Niam" because they were considered to be anthropophagous, the tribes grouped under the name of Zande, Azandé, settled from Chad on the border of the DRC (Zaire), Sudan and the Central African Republic. According to their beliefs, man is endowed with two souls, one of which transforms into the animal-totem of the clan to which he belongs upon his death. The name of their ethnic group means: "those who possess much land", an allusion to their warrior past originating in Sudan. The Yanda statuettes were displayed during divinatory sessions in which the chief of the society would coat them with paste and blow smoke on them. The Zande on the other hand used poison oracles in many circumstances, and had a secret language.
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|Country||rdc ex zaire|
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