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African art - Bronze, leopard, messenger, warrior, statue, pirogues:

In African art, one finds a multitude of bronze objects made in the purest animist tradition by the village blacksmiths. Nigeria, thanks to the Benin and Ife kingdoms, was a major producer of bronze objects. The statues, heads and everyday objects made of bronze are of superb workmanship thanks to the use of the lost wax process which consists of creating a massive model in clay. This is covered with a layer of wax and metal rods are added. Then we cover the whole with refractory clay leaving a hole in the upper part. When it is dry, it is heated, which melts the wax inside, and then the bronze is poured in. Finally there is only to break the clay inside to recover the bronze object.


Benin Uhunmwun elao memorial head
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African art > Bronze, leopard, messenger, warrior, statue, pirogues > Bronze Benin

This late bronze made from a work that was made on the death of the queen, depicts a queen mother of Benin named the Iyoba, whose neck is circled with multiple necklaces of coral beads. Her high curved hairstyle was also made up of a mesh of pearls falling on either side of the face. Dark patina, greenish reflections.
After the birth of the future king, the queen was "removed" from power and could no longer father. But at the end of the 15th century the Oba Esigie refused to conform to this practice and wanted to attribute the town of Uselu to his mother. She also received a palace and many privileges. In recognition she raised an army to go and fight the Igala of the North. The Oba cast a head in his effigy, among many works cast in lost wax, to place them on his altar after his ...

Dogon bronze ceremonial box
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African art > Jars, amphoras, pots, matakam > Dogon box

The rider and his mount, symbols of power and wealth since they are rare, are a recurring theme in African art, particularly in Mali.

This ceremonial cup takes up the theme of the mythical ark in the Dogon genesis. Indeed, one of the Nommos , ancestors of the Dogon, resurrected by the creator god Amma , is said to have descended to earth carried by an ark metamorphosed into a horse. Ornamental motifs, such as wavelet friezes and references to the snake, adorn its contours.
Copper brown patina. The Dogon are a people renowned for their cosmogony, myths and legends. Their population is estimated at about 300,000 souls living southwest of the Niger loop in the Mopti region of Mali (Bandiagara, Koro, Banka), near Douentza and part of northern Burkina (northwest ...

Gan pendant with animal design
African art > Bronze, leopard, messenger, warrior, statue, pirogues > Bronze Gan

Master bronze smiths in African art .
. Gan bronzes, metal objects melted by the blacksmith using the lost wax technique, form individual protective fetishes. They embody a sacred mythical animal whose role was crucial for man, and are declined in the motifs of the turtle, chameleon, crocodile or panther. Some, composing the royal regalia, were placed in shrines.

This zoomorphic pendant, a protective jewel, figures a lion devouring its prey. Khaki brown patina with golden reflections. Neighboring people of the Lobi in southwestern Burkina Faso, the Gan or Kaa (Kaaba pl.), form a "relic people" according to Madeleine Père, living within a wooded savanna. Their king "Gan Massa" is elected by the notables from different villages. Hypotheses diverge as to their origins. ...


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180.00

Dogon Pin
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African art > Bronze, leopard, messenger, warrior, statue, pirogues > Dogon Pin

African art collection put up for sale by Jan Putteneers.
This dogon sculpture, a traditional figurative jewel, adorned with a zoomorphic subject, accompanied the ceremonial dress of religious leaders, hogon, responsible for the cult of the lebe, mythical snake, and priests of the Binou. Small metal objects, made using the lost wax technique, were widespread in the interior delta region of Niger, with copper being made possible through trans-Saharan trade. Excavations on the Bandiagara plateau have uncovered remains of steel sites prior to the 15th century, when the Dogons arrived. In yellow copper alloy, this element of dogon tribal adornment has acquired a beautiful golden patina. Dogon blacksmiths form an endogamous caste among the Dogon called rim . They now produce weapons, ...


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Bronze Kongo statuette
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African art > Bronze, leopard, messenger, warrior, statue, pirogues > Statuette Congo

This small anthropomorphic sculpture, of kisi type, takes in miniature the canons of the Kongo statuary, and in particular the funerary statues inyongo or mintadi of lower Zaire, which were made of stone. These figures form the vital embodiment of a spirit or ancestor. Comes with plexi base.
The Vili, the Lâri, the Sûndi, the Woyo, the Bembé, the Bwende, the Yombé and the Kôngo formed the group Kôngo , led by King ntotela. Their kingdom reached its peak in the 16th century with the ivory, copper and slave trade. Similarly, beliefs and traditions, they produced a statuary with a codified gesture in relation to their worldview. The sorcerers nganga, both healers, were in charge of religious activities and mediation towards the God called Nzambi by the help of consecrated figures. To ...


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Large Royal Altar Head Benin
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African art > Bronze, leopard, messenger, warrior, statue, pirogues > Large Royal Altar Head Benin

Ex private English collection of African art.

Altar heads are famous pieces in benign art. Like the other bronzes, they were cast using the lost wax technique. These pieces are very loaded with details and patterns. This royal head with realistic features has facial scarifications and many finely detailed ornaments. A recurring feature, the warhead headdress is imposing and beautifully decorated.

The art of Benin is described as a court art because it is closely associated with the king, known as oba. The tradition of Ifè's bronze classroom objects dates back to the 14th century.

The many bronze heads and statues created by the artists of Benin were reserved for the exclusive use of the inhabitants of the royal palace and, more often than not, placed on ...

Dogon horseman in bronze
African art > Bronze, leopard, messenger, warrior, statue, pirogues > Dogon bronze

Belgian African art collection. Bronze sculpture featuring a mythical rider, ancestor or Dogon religious leader. Golden patina.
The frequent representations of horsemen, among the Dogon of the Mali, refer to their cosmogony and complex religious myths. Indeed, one of the Nommos , ancestors of men , resurrected by the creator god Amma , came down to earth carried by an ark metamorphosed into a horse. Moreover, the highest authority of the Dogon people, the religious chief named Hogon, paraded on his horse during his enthronement because according to the custom he should not put his foot on the ground. In the region of the Sangha cliffs, inaccessible by horse, the priests carried him while neighing in reference to the mythical ancestor Nommo.
The Dogon blacksmiths form ...


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280.00

Bronze Benin
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African art > Bronze, leopard, messenger, warrior, statue, pirogues > Bronze Benin

L'art tribal palatial du Bénin.
Avant la destruction du palais du royaume de Bénin en 1897 , le caractère divin des rois, les Oba , s'illustrait par de multiples oeuvres célébrant leur puissance. Des scènes guerrières étaient reproduites sur des plaques narratives, en bronze, et apposées sur les murs. Somptueux autels en bronze, figures commémoratives de chefs décédés,lourds bracelets , chevillères et récades étaient produits en quantité dans de nombreux ateliers de fondeurs selon la technique de la fonte à la cire perdue. La mise à mort du roi des animaux associés aux légendes, le léopard, était le privilège du chef, l'Oba. Le félin pouvait alors servir d'offrande pour le culte de la tête du chef. Parfois dompté par diverses guildes royales, il accompagnait le chef lors de ses ...


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Lobi Ring
African art > Bronze, leopard, messenger, warrior, statue, pirogues > Lobi Ring

Ex-Belgian African art collection.
Ankle ring acting as an amulet, the decorative patterns of which, referring to Lobi beliefs, were supposed to protect the wearer. Many rings were produced in southwestern Burkina Faso, having more currency value.
Height on base: 17 cm.
Ring only: 300 gr.
The populations of the same cultural region, grouped together under the name "lobi", form a fifth of the inhabitants of Burkina Faso. Few in Ghana, they have also settled in northern Côte d'Ivoire. It was at the end of the 18th century that the Lobi, coming from northern Ghana, settled among the indigenous Thuna and Puguli, the Dagara, the Dian, the Gan and the Birifor. The Lobi believe in a creator God named Thangba Thu, to whom they address themselves through the ...


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240.00

Senoufo figure in bronze
African art > Bronze, leopard, messenger, warrior, statue, pirogues > Senoufo figure

This figurative fetish statuette is said to be a divinatory fetish object. It would be of Tussia origin, Senoufo sub-group of Burkina-Faso. Irregular greenish-grey granular patina
. The Senoufos, the name given to them by the French colonists, are mainly composed of farmers who are scattered between Mali, Côte d'Ivoire, and Burkina Faso. Councils of elders, led by an elected chief, administer Senufo villages. Governed by matrilineal traditions, they are composed of clusters of dwellings named katiolo. Each has its own Poro association that initiates young boys from the age of seven in a succession of three cycles lasting seven years . They gather in a sacred enclosure called sinzanga located near the village, among the trees. Upon the death of one of the Poro members, ...


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280.00

Bronze Kongo statuette
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African art > Bronze, leopard, messenger, warrior, statue, pirogues > Statuette Congo

This small anthropomorphic sculpture, of kisi type, takes in miniature the canons of the Kongo statuary, and in particular the funerary statues inyongo or mintadi of lower Zaire, which were made of stone. These figures form the vital embodiment of a spirit or ancestor. Comes with plexi base.
The Vili, the Lâri, the Sûndi, the Woyo, the Bembé, the Bwende, the Yombé and the Kôngo formed the group Kôngo , led by King ntotela. Their kingdom reached its peak in the 16th century with the ivory, copper and slave trade. Similarly, beliefs and traditions, they produced a statuary with a codified gesture in relation to their worldview. The sorcerers nganga, both healers, were in charge of religious activities and mediation towards the God called Nzambi by the help of consecrated figures. To ...


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Rider Sao Sokoto Putchu Guinadji
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African art > Bronze, leopard, messenger, warrior, statue, pirogues > Sao Rider

In African art, works of Sao Sokoto inspiration are predominantly imbued with the equestrian world.
Within the ethnic group, small examples of horsemen generally in bronze are cast and worn as talismans, patinated and glossed by rubbing. They are considered above all as a remedy against possession by evil spirits. The horse represents the spirit of the person who is possessed, while the genie that possesses him is symbolized by the rider.
Subjected to successive assaults by their neighbors from Kanem and then by hordes from the East, the Sao had to abandon their lands to settle in the North-West of Cameroon where they mixed with the natives, thus giving birth to an ethnic group called Kotoko. More than an ethnic group, the Sao are a civilization that has now ...

Verre bronze
African art > Bronze, leopard, messenger, warrior, statue, pirogues > Verre bronze

African statuette in bronze alloy representing a character whose body seems to bend under the weight of the children held around his bust. The ears are traditionally distended. The statuette also bears concentric scarifications.
Golden patina, residual dark inlays.

The Vere , Verre , Were, Duru-Verre, or Dii, live in northeastern Nigeria, in the state of Adamawa (formerly Gongola), and in northern Cameroon. This very small population lives in circular huts grouped together in fortified villages.
The Vere statuettes, whose function remains unknown, are rare, and present analogies with the works produced by the Mumuye, their close neighbors established between Nigeria and Cameroon.


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395.00

Tikar bronze fetish
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African art > Bronze, leopard, messenger, warrior, statue, pirogues > Tikar bronze

French African art collection.
Small, almost supernatural figure offering a spherical head, globular abdomen and graceful limbs. It probably illustrates the Fon , chief of the clan . The figure is topped with a bird. Misses and cracks under the buttocks.
The Tikar inhabit the western part of central Cameroon, which is located within the dense secondary forest of medium altitude, bordering the Mbam. Within this ecotone, the "Tikar plain" (which takes its name from its occupants) constitutes a depression that backs onto the west and north respectively of the Mbam massif (and its Mapé and Kim tributaries) and the first foothills of the Adamaoua plateau. The structure of the kingdom consists of a large chiefdom subdivided into quarters: the residences of the queens, the ...


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Bronze Dogon
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African art > Bronze, leopard, messenger, warrior, statue, pirogues > Bronze Dogon

The elegance of proportions and attitudes, in this African work of art made of bronze, has been skillfully translated by the Dogon blacksmith. These form an endogamous caste among the Dogon called irim . Today they produce weapons, tools,and also work with wood. "Masters of fire", they are also supposed to cure burns (Huib Blom). The frequent representations of horsemen among the Dogon of Mali refer to their cosmogony and their complex religious myths. Indeed, one of the Nommos , ancestors of man, resurrected by the creator god Amma , descended to earth carried on an ark metamorphosed into a horse. In addition, the highest authority of the Dogon people, the religious leader named Hogon , paraded on his mount during his enthronement because according to custom he was not to set foot on ...


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Ofo Igbo ritual sculpture
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African art > Bronze, leopard, messenger, warrior, statue, pirogues > Ofo Statue

Ofo sculptures, mediating objects in African art
This African sculpture named Ofo (after the tree in which it was made), has a face haloed by a large crest. Its base forms three spirals. The wooden bust is trimmed with metal rods and ribbons, some of which are spirals. A rare and symbolic piece held by an elder named N'dichie , and associated with the agnatic lineage, upon which an oath was sometimes taken, this black iron object was displayed in Igbo homes and altars. The Igbo live in the forest in southeastern Nigeria. This tradition later spread to neighboring ethnic groups. Based on a botanical sculpture from a "male" tree, and composed of brittle twigs, images of boys dependent on their father and then breaking away from him, this object is part of a type of achievements ...


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Bronze Sao
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African art > Bronze rider, wooden rider, dogon, yoruba > Bronze Sao

In African art, Sao Sokoto inspired works are mostly imprinted with the equestrian world. Within the ethnic group, small examples of horsemen generally in bronze are cast and worn as talismans, patinated and glossed by rubbing. They are considered above all as a remedy against possession by evil spirits. The horse represents the spirit of the person who is possessed, while the genie that possesses them is symbolized by the rider.
Subjected to successive assaults by their neighbors from Kanem and then by hordes from the East, the Sao had to abandon their lands to settle in the northwest of Cameroon where they mixed with the natives, thus giving birth to an ethnic group called Kotoko. More than an ethnic group, the Sao are a civilization that has now disappeared. They were found ...


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Lobi couple figures in bronze
African art > Bronze, leopard, messenger, warrior, statue, pirogues > Lobi bronze

Ex-collection African art from Belgium.
Seated figurative couple, hands on knees. Velvety brown patina, golden highlights.
The populations of the same cultural region, grouped under the name "lobi", form one fifth of the inhabitants of Burkina Faso. Although they are not very numerous in Ghana, they have also settled in the north of the Ivory Coast. It was at the end of the eighteenth century that the Lobi , coming from northern Ghana, settled among the indigenous Thuna and Puguli, the Dagara , the Dian , the Gan and the Birifor . The Lobi believe in a creator God named Thangba Thu, to whom they turn through the worship of numerous intermediate spirits, the Thil, the latter being supposed to protect them, with the help of the diviner, against a host of plagues. ...


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Lobi figure in bronze
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African art > Bronze, leopard, messenger, warrior, statue, pirogues > Lobi bronze

Seated figures carrying containers. Velvety khaki patina. The populations of the same cultural region, grouped under the name "Lobi", make up one fifth of the inhabitants of Burkina Faso. Although they are not very numerous in Ghana, they have also settled in the north of the Ivory Coast. It was at the end of the eighteenth century that the Lobi , coming from northern Ghana, settled among the indigenous Thuna and Puguli, the Dagara , the Dian , the Gan and the Birifor . The Lobi believe in a creator God named Thangba Thu, to whom they turn through the worship of numerous intermediate spirits, the Thil, the latter being supposed to protect them, with the help of the diviner, against a host of plagues. Geniuses of the bush, red-haired beings called Kontuor , are moreover supposed to ...


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Lobi couple figures in bronze
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African art > Bronze, leopard, messenger, warrior, statue, pirogues > Lobi bronze

Figurative couple seated, quenching their thirst. Velvety gray patina. The populations of the same cultural region, grouped under the name "Lobi", make up one fifth of the inhabitants of Burkina Faso. Although they are not very numerous in Ghana, they have also settled in the north of the Ivory Coast. It was at the end of the eighteenth century that the Lobi , coming from northern Ghana, settled among the indigenous Thuna and Puguli, the Dagara , the Dian , the Gan and the Birifor . The Lobi believe in a creator God named Thangba Thu, to whom they turn through the worship of numerous intermediate spirits, the Thil, the latter being supposed to protect them, with the help of the diviner, against a host of plagues. Geniuses of the bush, red-haired beings called Kontuor , are ...

Brass Lobi anklet
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African art > Bronze, leopard, messenger, warrior, statue, pirogues > Lobi bronze

Ankle ring used as an amulet, whose decorative motifs, referring to Lobi beliefs, were supposed to protect the wearer. Numerous rings were produced in the southwest of Burkina Faso, also having value as money. Height on base: 18 cm. The populations of the same cultural region, grouped together under the name "Lobi", form one fifth of the inhabitants of Burkina Faso. Although they are not very numerous in Ghana, they have also established themselves in the north of the Ivory Coast. It was at the end of the 18th century that the Lobi, coming from northern Ghana, settled among the indigenous Thuna and Puguli, the Dagara, the Dian, the Gan and the Birifor. The Lobi believe in a creator God named Thangba Thu, to whom they turn through the worship of numerous intermediate spirits, the ...


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