African art > African statues : tribal fetish, maternity > Statues Shamba
Couple of statuettes Chamba / Wurkun (N° 13925)
Ex-French African art collection .
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These sculptures of indefinite genre have a particular morphology composed of rounded volumes for the shoulders responding to that of the lower limbs, reduced. The long tubular bust, the base of which is surrounded by a pearl necklace, shows an umbilical growth. Parallel engravings, bleached, refer to the scarifications of the ethnic group. They are spread on the feet in order to indicate the toes. The detail of the fascinating faces is characteristic of regional statuary, with circular, locally crenellated ear pavilions that evoke the traditional, male and female use of inserting a disc into the ears. Under the round eyes, just drawn in the wood, parallel lips offer like a smile. A goatee appears to be drawn at the chin. Speckled patina, residual kaolin inlays. Desication cracks. Settled since the 17th century on the south bank of the Benue River in Nigeria, the Chamba have resisted attempts to conquer the fulani , nomadic who settled in large numbers in northern Nigeria. They are known for their famous buffalo mask with its two flat jaws extending the head. The less frequent statuary is divided into protective figures ( tauwa , sing. tau ) which are kept in a square to the left of the entrance of the concession, and in statues of ancestors, kona . The couple figures refer to the universal theme of the primordial couple. The Wurkun , on the right bank of the Benué, sculpt protective statues named wundul which often form pairs. They are placed in fields or in huts.
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