African art > African statues : tribal fetish, maternity > Zande figure

Zande figure of the Yanda cult (N° 20506)

Anthropomorphic sculpture Yanda, depicting a stocky woman carried by thick, half-bent legs, widely spread. The face framed by large circular ears is characterized by a heart-shaped carved face. The jewelry and the belt are made of metal. Abraded grainy patina.
African art counts two types of Azande statues: The Kudu statues, with a height of between 30 and 50 cm represent ancestors, and the Yanda statues of 10 to 20 cm, of animal or human form, having an apotropaic role, exhibited during divinatory rites during the rituals of the Mani society. br> Formerly referred to as "Niam-Niam" because they were considered anthropophagous, the tribes grouped under the name of Zande , Azandé , settled, from Chad, on the border of the D.R.C.(Zaire), Sudan and the Central African Republic. According to their beliefs, man is endowed with two souls, one of which transforms into the animal-totem of the clan to which he belongs upon his death. The name of their ethnic group means: "those who possess much land", an allusion to their warrior past originating in Sudan. The Yanda statuettes were displayed during divinatory sessions in which the chief of the society would coat them with paste and blow smoke on them. The Zande on the other hand used poison oracles in many circumstances, and had a secret language.  

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OriginCollection française
EthnyZande
Countryrdc ex zaire
Material(s)wood, metal, perles
Height26
Width10
Weight0.75 Kg
Estimated datingmid-xx°

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