African art > The fetish, this emblematic object of primitive art > Kongo Fetish
Consecrated by the nganga, endowed with magical charges (bilongo) ventral and dorsal, with therapeutic aim, this statuette meets the criteria of the nksi objects. The Vili produced a variety of sculptures for individual use nkisi , to which multiple virtues were attributed. The glazed eyes, encircled with resin, symbolize clairvoyance in a face with naturalistic features.
The Vili, the Lâri, the Sûndi, the Woyo, the Bembé, the Bwende, the Yombé and the Kôngo formed the group Kôngo, led by the king Ntotela. Their kingdom reached its apogee in the 16th century with the trade of ivory, copper and slaves. With the same beliefs and traditions, they produced a statuary with codified gestures related to their vision of the world.
Present along the Gabonese coast, the Vili broke away ...