African art > African mask, tribal art, primitive art > Aduma Mask
An unusual African mask, carved in soft wood, linked to the cult of ancestors. A geometric structure, straight arches and nasal ridge, and narrow slits indicating the eyes and mouth. The lower contours are cracked. The Adouma, or Baduma , form an ethnic group from eastern Gabon, Central Africa. The Adouma, Men of the River or master canoes, have long lived on the banks of the Ogooué, upstream and downstream of Lastourville between the doumé and Bounji bays. Their masks are associated with the rites of male initiation, the Mbudi (named Mvudi among the Nzebi and Mvuli among the Mbaama). They have a police and justice role in conflicts and also appear at death, funerals, twin births, or popular holidays.
Litt.: Masks from Gabon Ed. Wakes.