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African art - Chokwe:

Peacefully settled in Eastern Angola until the 16th century, in Kwilu and the Kasai River region of southern Zaire, the Chokwe were then subjected to the Lunda Empire from which they inherited a new hierarchical system and the sacredness of power. Nevertheless, the Chokwe never fully adopted these new social and political contributions. Three centuries later, the Chokwe took over the capital of the Lunda, which had been weakened by internal conflicts, thus contributing to the dismantling of the kingdom. The Chokwe did not have a centralised power but had large chieftaincies. It was these chieftainships that attracted artists who wanted to put their skills at the exclusive service of the court. The artists created so many varied pieces of such quality that the Lunda court only employed them. From the 18th century onwards, trade with Europeans, especially the Portuguese, influenced their sculptures.


Women s Mask Chokwe Mwana pwo
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African art > African mask, tribal art, primitive art > Tschokwe Mask

Ex-Corsican African art collection.
A wickerwork helmet, on which knotted textile strips form the curls of a dense hairstyle reminiscent of the red earth-coated hair of the Chokwe women. Harmonious features of the face are finely chiselled, enhanced with traditional scarified patterns. Smooth satin orange brown patina.
Peacefully settled in eastern Angola until the 16th century, the Chokwé were then subjected to the Lunda Empire from which they inherited a new hierarchical system and the sacredness of power. Nevertheless, the Chokwé never fully adopted these new social and political contributions. Three centuries later, the Chokwé eventually seized the capital of the Lunda weakened by internal conflicts, thus contributing to the dismantling of the kingdom. The Chokwé did ...


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Chokwe mortar and pestle
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African art > Jars, amphoras, pots, matakam > Tschokwe pot

Cylindrical pot delicately carved with decorative motifs, intended for mixing pigments for therapeutic, cosmetic or ritual use. Lustrous patina inlaid with red ochre, remarkably soft surface. A braided strap links the anthropomorphic pestle to the mortar. The Tschokwe, of Bantu culture, had established themselves in eastern Angola, but also in Congo and Zambia. Following various alliances, they mixed with the Lunda who taught them hunting. Their social organization also influenced the Tschokwe society. The Tschokwe eventually dominated the Lunda, whose kingdom was dismantled at the end of the 19th century. Elephants in the region were hunted for meat, but also for ivory, which was intended for sale, not for the wide range of prestige items for which they excelled. The Tschokwe were ...


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240.00  192.00

Chokwe or Lwena neck rest
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African art > Head rest > Luena neck rest

African tribal sculpture, element of African furniture to preserve the voluminous traditional headdresses, it is distinguished by its animal motif and orange patina.

Peacefully settled in eastern Angola until the 16th century, the Chokwe were then subjected to the Lunda empire from which they inherited a new hierarchical system and the sacredness of power. Nevertheless, the Chokwe never fully adopted these new social and political contributions. Three centuries later, the Chokwe eventually took over the capital of the Lunda, which had been weakened by internal conflicts, thus contributing to the dismantling of the kingdom. The Chokwe did not have a centralized power but rather large chiefdoms. It was these chieftainships that attracted artists who wished to put ...


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Chokwe Mukishi wa Mwana Pwo mask
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African art > African mask, tribal art, primitive art > Tschokwe mask

The headdress of this mask is composed of a basketry hat, extended by a fishnet, and raffia knots representing tight curls. It evokes the traditional hairstyle of the Chokwe women who coated it with red clay. The features of the face are finely chiseled, enhanced by traditional scarified motifs. Smooth red ochre patina. Peacefully settled in eastern Angola until the 16th century, the Chokwe were then subjected to the Lunda empire from which they inherited a new hierarchical system and the sacredness of power. Nevertheless, the Chokwe never fully adopted these new social and political contributions. Three centuries later, they eventually seized the capital of the Lunda weakened by internal conflicts, contributing to the dismantling of the kingdom. The Chokwé did not have ...

Chokwe Mwana pwo Mask
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African art > African mask, tribal art, primitive art > Tschokwe Mask

Ex-collection African tribal art from Monaco.
The African masks Chokwe pwo, among the many masks akishi (sing: mukishi, indicating power) of African tribal art Chokwe, are exclusively female representations that were accompanied by accessories and adornments. It is here accessorized with a fishnet and a hairstyle made of vegetal fibers. Joined to their male counterparts, cihongo recognizable by their large tray-shaped headdress, the pwo should bring fertility and prosperity to the community. The characteristic patterns on the forehead, and sometimes on the cheekbones, are part of the Chokwe aesthetic canons but also served as public markers of ethnic identity. This recurring cruciform frontal motif is also said to have cosmogonic significance. Always worn by ...


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Chokwe Mwana Pwo mask
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African art > African mask, tribal art, primitive art > Tschokwe mask

A wickerwork helmet, with textile braids on top of it representing a dense head of hair, adorns this African mask of the Chokwe. The hairstyle is reminiscent of that of the Chokwe women, which is coated with red clay.
A wide chiseled band delimits the forehead. The finely sculpted features are accompanied by decorative motifs reminiscent of the group's traditional scarifications. The distinctive patterns present on the forehead, and sometimes on the cheekbones, are part of the chokwe aesthetic canons, like the pointed teeth, but also served as public markers of ethnic identity. The recurring cruciform frontal motif is furthermore thought to carry a cosmogonic significance. Always worn by higher-ranking initiates, these female masks were often adorned with buttons and ...


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240.00  192.00

Chokwe Mwana Pwo mask
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African art > African mask, tribal art, primitive art > Tschokwe mask

Large braided hairstyle for this African mask of the Chokwe. This hairstyle is reminiscent of the red earth-coated hairstyle of the Chokwe women. A chiseled frieze of checkerboards delimits the forehead. Smooth reddish brown patina. Peacefully settled in eastern Angola until the 16th century, the Chokwe were then subjected to the Lunda empire from which they inherited a new hierarchical system and the sacredness of power. Nevertheless, the Chokwe never fully adopted these new social and political contributions. Three centuries later, they eventually seized the capital of the Lunda weakened by internal conflicts, contributing to the dismantling of the kingdom. The Chokwé did not have centralized power but rather large chiefdoms. They were the ones who attracted artists eager to put ...


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Chokwe Animal Mask
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African art > African mask, tribal art, primitive art > Tschokwe Mask

Ex-spanish African art collection.
The Tschokwe, in African art, have a male association, the mukanda, which uses about thirty African masks, made of wood, for various social purposes and related to the ancestors: the mask cikugu, the cihongo, the mask pwo, kalelwa, cikunza, but also this type of animal mask of which there are variants, which was worn on a basketry base. Colored cotton fabrics and various small objects were also added to it. The mask has an articulated bifid beak. Satin brown-red patina.
The Tschokwe, of Bantu culture, had settled in eastern Angola, but also in Congo and Zambia. Following various alliances, they mingled with the Lunda who taught them how to hunt. Their social organization also rubbed off on the Tschokwe society. However, the Tschokwe ...


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Chokwe anthropomorphic cup
African art > Jars, amphoras, pots, matakam > Tabatière Tschokwe

Equipped with its pestle, this tobacco mortar accompanied, among other uses, rituals for ajimu spirits requiring the use of smoke. The carved figures evoke female masks mwana pwo associated with fertility and fecundity. Shaded lustrous patina.
. Peacefully settled in eastern Angola until the 16th century, the Chokwe were then subjected to the Lunda empire from which they inherited a new hierarchical system and the sacredness of power. Nevertheless, the Chokwe never fully adopted these new social and political contributions. Three centuries later, the Chokwe eventually took over the capital of the Lunda, which had been weakened by internal conflicts, thus contributing to the dismantling of the kingdom. The Chokwe did not have a centralized power but rather large chiefdoms. It was ...


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290.00

Pwo Chokwe Mask
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African art > African mask, tribal art, primitive art > Chokwe Mask

Peacefully settled in eastern Angola until the 16th century, the Chokwé were then subjected to the Lunda empire from which they inherited a new hierarchical system and the sanctity of power. The African Chokwe pwo masks, among the many masks akishi (sing: mukishi, indicating power) of African tribal art Chokwe, embody an ideal of beauty, Mwana Pwo, or the woman Pwo and appear nowadays during festive ceremonies. Joined by their male counterparts, chihongo recognizable to their large tray-shaped headdresses, the pwo s supposed to bring fertility and prosperity to the community. The cultural logic of these two icons developed during the pre-colonial period continues to inspire artists in northeastern Angola. The characteristic motifs on the forehead, and sometimes on the cheekbones, are part ...


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Chokwe Mwana pwo Mask
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African art > African mask, tribal art, primitive art > Tschokwe Mask

Always worn by higher-ranking initiates, these masks embodying a female ancestor were often adorned with buttons and accessories of European origin. An ample striated headdress surmounts the scarified face whose features are carefully sculpted. Satin chocolate patina with kaolin highlights. Peacefully settled in eastern Angola until the 16th century, the Chokwé were then subjected to the Lunda Empire from which they inherited a new hierarchical system and the sacredness of power. The African Chokwe pwo masks, among the many akishi (sing: mukishi, indicating power) masks of African Chokwe art, embody an ideal of beauty, Mwana Pwo, or the woman Pwo and appear nowadays during festive ceremonies. Joined to their male counterparts, chihongo recognizable by their large ...


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 Chibinda Ilunga Chokwe figure
African art > African statues : tribal fetish, maternity > Chibinda Ilunga Chokwe figure

Belgian African art collection.

This is a statuette of Chibinda Ilunga, founder of the Chokwé.
Here he is found sitting in a suit, arms bent, hands close to the body. The pitched back and raised chin indicate a proud and dominant attitude. Its very special headdress with two side parts and a curved penne towards the back makes it easy to recognize.


Peacefully settled in eastern Angola until the 16th century, the Chokwé were then subjected to the Lunda empire from which they inherited a new hierarchical system and the sanctity of power. Nevertheless, the Chokwes never fully embraced these new social and political contributions. Three centuries later, they eventually seized the capital of Lunda weakened by internal conflicts, thus contributing to the ...


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780.00

Chokwe Mask
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African art > African mask, tribal art, primitive art > Tschokwe Mask

Ex-spanish African art collection.
Peacefully settled in eastern Angola until the 16th century, the Chokwé were then subjected to the Lunda Empire from which they inherited a new hierarchical system and the sacredness of power. The African Chokwe pwo masks, among the many akishi (sing: mukishi, indicating power) masks of African Chokwe art, embody an ideal of beauty, Mwana Pwo, or the woman Pwo and appear nowadays during festive ceremonies. Joined to their male counterparts, chihongo recognizable by their large tray-shaped headdress, the pwo are supposed to bring fertility and prosperity to the community. The cultural logic of these two icons developed during the pre-colonial period still continues to inspire artists in northeastern Angola today. The characteristic motifs ...


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290.00  232.00

Figure of chef Chokwe Chibinda Ilunga
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African art > African statues : tribal fetish, maternity > Tschokwe figure

Ex-collection German African art.

The carved effigy, opposite, glorifies the qualities of hunter, mythical hero and founder of the ethnic group, Chibinda Ilunga. The chief, with oversized palms and feet, has an impressive noble headdress. Easily recognizable thanks to this large headdress with curved side wings (cipenya-mutwe), he had taught his people the art of hunting. This work is distinguished by its various finely chiseled details. Originally, the patinas were obtained through the repeated application of castor oil and coloring vegetable decoctions. Brown mahogany reflections highlight this Chokwe statue. Very good condition. Peacefully settled in eastern Angola until the sixteenth century, the Chokwe were then subjected to the Lunda Empire from which they ...

Ancestor figure Tschokwe Chibinda Ilunga
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African art > African statues : tribal fetish, maternity > Statue Chokwe

Throning on a chair, the figure, carved with great care to detail, glorifies the ancestor and mythical hero founder of the ethnic group, Chibinda Ilunga. The chief, with oversized palms and feet, has an impressive noble headdress. Easily recognizable thanks to this large headdress with curved side wings (cipenya-mutwe) which was made of a wicker frame covered with fabric, brass, leather, and pearls, he had taught his people the art of hunting. The dignitaries presented themselves cross-legged in suits, which is confirmed by an African proverb: "The elder sitting cross-legged wishes to be greeted with respect" "By the allusion to the circle of his cross-legged legs, the chief conveys the blessings of a life in full orbit". ("The Kongo gesture", ed. Dapper Museum) The chief claps his hands ...

Women s Mask Chokwe Mwana pwo
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African art > African mask, tribal art, primitive art > Tschokwe Mask

Ex Italian African art collection.
A wickerwork helmet, on which braided raffia figures the curls of dense hair, adorns this African mask of the Chokwe. This hairstyle is reminiscent of the red earth-coated hairstyle of the Chokwe women. The forehead is delimited by a cowrie shell trim and a headband finely engraved on wood. Large aluminum buckles highlight the finesse of the features. Smooth reddish brown patina. Residual kaolin inlays on the eyes.
Peacefully settled in eastern Angola until the 16th century, the Chokwé were then subjected to the Lunda Empire from which they inherited a new hierarchical system and the sacredness of power. Nevertheless, the Chokwé never fully adopted these new social and political contributions. Three centuries later, the Chokwé eventually ...

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Chief Figure Chokwe
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African art > African statues : tribal fetish, maternity > Statue Chokwe

This tribal sculpture, symbol of power, glorifies the hunting qualities of the founding hero of the ethnic group, Chibinda Ilunga. At his feet, a miniature figure, auxiliary spirit hamba or even descending. This little character also evokes trade and wealth, the merchants moving at the time on the back of beef. The chef, with his palms and feet oversized, has an impressive nobility headdress. A smooth, brown and shiny patina, once due to the repeated application of castor oil and dyes vegetable decoctions, covers the entire body of Chokwe African art, revealing in places dull areas. Desication cracks.
Peacefully settled in eastern Angola until the 16th century, the Chokwé were then subjected to the Lunda empire from which they inherited a new hierarchical system and the sanctity ...


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Masque Chokwe Pwo
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African art > African mask, tribal art, primitive art > Tchokwe Mask

An African mask that intervenes during the initiation ceremonies of the adult state, the mukanda , marking among other things the end of the special bond between a son and his mother. This copy devoid of accessories, symbol of the first ancestor, offers checkered keloids forming stripes on the cheeks. The mouth opens on lined teeth, a criterion of feminine beauty in the Chokwe. A large headband engraved with parallel lines demarcates the forehead. The asymmetry of the sculpture is noteworthy. The nose flags bear witness to the attention to detail. Erosions of the chocolate patina. Smooth, sainy surface. Peacefully settled in eastern Angola until the 16th century, the Chokwé were then subjected to the Lunda empire from which they inherited a new hierarchical system and the sanctity of ...


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Drum Chokwe, Tschokwe
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African art > Tam Tam, Djembe, musical instruments > Chokwe Drum

Ex-German African art collection.

Among the royal musical instruments of the Tschokwe, this ceremonial drum is supported by two carved faces. The latter, rising from a thick, partially damaged cylindrical base, adopt some of the features of the chihongo mask. In each chiefdom, an attendant would announce each solemn event by means of the drum. According to legend, the membrane of the instrument once concealed a second skin: that of a sacrificial victim. Dark brown patina, ochre residues.
Peacefully settled in eastern Angola until the 16th century, the Chokwé were then subjected to the Lunda Empire from which they inherited a new hierarchical system and the sacredness of power. Nevertheless, the Chokwé never fully adopted these new social and political contributions. Three ...


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Chokwe Box, Tschokwe
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African art > Used objects, pulleys, boxes, loom, awale > Tschokwe Box

Ex Italian African tribal art collection.
Among the African regalia, this prestigious object invokes the protection of the spirits of the ancestors through carved figures. Supported by an animal caryatid, a rectangular box closed by a shutter is surmounted by a seated figure. Brown-black patina rubbed with ochre. Cracks of desiccation.
The Tschokwe, of Bantu culture, had settled in eastern Angola, but also in Congo and Zambia. Following various alliances, they mingled with the Lunda who taught them how to hunt. Their social organization also rubbed off on the Tschokwe society. However, the Tschokwe ended up dominating the Lunda, whose kingdom was dismantled at the end of the 19th century. The elephants of the region were hunted for the meat, but also for the ivory which was ...


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390.00  312.00

Small Chokwe Ngulu Mask
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African art > African mask, tribal art, primitive art > Tshokwe Mask

This reduced version of the ngulu mask, here with horns, worn by a professional dancer moving from village to village, appeared during the dances akishi a ku hangana . It is coated in red ochre like many Chokwe masks. A raffia adornment remains attached to the contours. Height on a base: 42 cm.
The African masks of the Chokwe, Luda, Luvale/Lwena, Luchazi and Mbunda clans are named in Zambia as 'makishi' or mukishi (sing. likishi). This name comes from 'kishi', a Bantu concept that evokes the manifestation of a spirit or ancestor. These social, moral and spiritual agents, forming a panel of different characters, sociable, aggressive, or unpredictable, embody the spirit of an illustrious ancestor (male or female), their appearance manifested mainly during the rites of the mukanda, ...


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