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African art - Dan:

The Dan populations of west-central Côte d'Ivoire and the forest region of northern Liberia, known as Yacouba, produce masks associated with the initiation ceremonies of young boys. Some of the Dan masks, because of their proximity to the Wé of Liberia (called Kran), in addition to the contribution of the tribes of Guinea, have been marked by the influence of the latter. The functions of their different masks, eleven types according to Fisher (1978), may also have evolved over time. All Dan masks are sacred. They do not represent the bush spirits but are those spirits


Dan Gunyeya "racing" mask
African art > African mask, tribal art, primitive art > Dan mask

An actor of social order, the African Dan mask would, according to Eberhard Fisher, be of the feminine or masculine type. The almond-shaped face, with harmonious features, is pierced by large circular eyes trimmed with metal. Smooth grayish brown patina.
The masks equipped with round orbits ( named gunyeya or gunye ge), facilitating vision, are part of the mask set of the Northern Dan and are used for racing events during the dry season. As for the zapkei ge , equipped with a gaze highlighted with red textile pierced with circular orbits, they are responsible for preventing fires by watching over domestic fires. They are worn accessorized with caps, braids, textile cape and raffia, the most prestigious of them being the go ge , royal mask reserved for exceptional events. The ...


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Masque Dan Déangle
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African art > African mask, tribal art, primitive art > Ivory Coast Mask

For the Dan, or Yacuba, living in western Côte d'Ivoire and Liberia, the "d-" force that would animate the world would manifest itself in sculpted masks. This is how she seeks to bring knowledge to man in order to support him, and uses the channel of dreams beforehand. The spirits then indicate how to name the mask they wish to see made. These masks of different types have social, spiritual and political functions, often evolving over time. Mask with regular features, whose losangic mouth evoking luscious lips forms a constant of masks dan, and whose split eyes belong to the type deanglé . Here it is decorated with a thick trimming of braided raffia, and rows of cauris arranged in decorative motif in the center of the skull. A bulge of curved fabric also the headdress. Dark, sained ...


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Dan Zapkei mask
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African art > African mask, tribal art, primitive art > Dan mask

The African masks dan zapkei ge are responsible for preventing fires by watching over domestic fires. They are worn accessorized with caps, braids, textile cape and raffia, the most prestigious of them being the go ge , royal mask reserved for exceptional events. This sober example is embellished with a braided hairstyle, whose two braids frame the face. The thin face has protruding lips. Smooth, velvety patina, coated with clay.
For the Dan, or Yacouba, living in the west of the Ivory Coast and in Liberia, the "dü" force that animates the world manifests itself in the sculpted masks. It is in this way that it seeks to bring knowledge to man in order to give him support, and uses the channel of dreams beforehand. The spirits then indicate how to name the mask they wish to ...


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Gunye gei mask - Dan
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African art > African mask, tribal art, primitive art > Dan Mask

This ivory coast tribal mask is a racing mask (sharp face, hollowed out round eyes, mouth, it was held against the face using cotton strips attached to the perforations of the contours and knotted behind the head. An impasto mixed with nestling down, resulting from ritual anointings, concentrates at the top. One eye no longer has its metal strap. Satin-black brown patina.
The tradition was for its wearer to be pursued by an unmasked runner; if he was caught, he had to pass the mask to the winner, who in turn was being chased by another runner. These races were once intended to train men in running and fighting. This type of event is now very often linked to the holidays announcing the beginning of the dry season and those related to the initiation of young children. Smooth, sained ...


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Dan Zapkei mask
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African art > African mask, tribal art, primitive art > Dan mask

Among the African masks of the Ivory Coast, the African masks dan zapkei ge are responsible for preventing fires by watching over domestic fires.
They are worn accessorized with caps, braids, textile cape and raffia, the most prestigious of them being the go ge, royal mask reserved for exceptional events.
This variant of the "zapkei" is embellished with a cleverly braided hairstyle, extending into two braids around the face. The thin face, stretched with red textile, offers a mustache enhancing prominent lips and eyes ringed with metal.
For the Dan, or Yacouba, living in the west of the Ivory Coast and in Liberia, the "dü" force that animates the world manifests itself in the sculpted masks. It is in this way that it seeks to bring knowledge to man in order ...


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Dan Zakpei, Zakpai mask
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African art > African mask, tribal art, primitive art > Dan mask

The African dan masks named zapkei ge , whose eyes are blindfolded with red cloth, are responsible for preventing fires by watching over domestic fires. They are worn accessorized with caps, braids, textile cape and raffia, the most prestigious of them being the go ge , royal mask reserved for exceptional events. This example is embellished with a braided cap extended with long braids made of vegetable fibers. The thin face, with a black patina, is highlighted by the red headband with a yellow band. The eyes have metal rings. Smooth patina.
For the Dan, or Yacouba, living in the west of the Ivory Coast and in Liberia, the "dü" force that animates the world manifests itself in the sculpted masks. It is in this way that it seeks to bring knowledge to man in order to give ...


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Dan Zapkei mask
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African art > African mask, tribal art, primitive art > Dan mask

The African masks dan named zapkei ge , whose eyes are blindfolded with red textile, are responsible for preventing fires by watching over domestic fires. They are worn accessorized with caps, braids, textile cape and raffia, the most prestigious of them being the go ge , royal mask reserved for exceptional events. This example is embellished with a braided headdress made of plant fibers, fixed on a hood, extended with fine braids. The fine face with prominent cheekbones, coated with black, is highlighted by the red headband with yellow band. The eyes have metal rings. Smooth patina.
For the Dan, or Yacouba, living in the west of the Ivory Coast and in Liberia, the "dü" force that animates the world manifests itself in the sculpted masks. It is in this way that it seeks to ...


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Dan Go gé mask
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African art > African mask, tribal art, primitive art > Dan mask

Unlike the African masks of the Dan of the northern region with a smooth patina, the southern masks offer a grainy surface, such as this example with a majestic headdress. br>Two types of secondary masks are particularly theatrical: racing masks, gunye ge , intended for inter-clan competitions that required good vision, and fire-keeper masks, zapkei ge . Other royal masks ,the go ge , used only on special occasions, have an identical physiognomy and are adorned with a sumptuous headdress lined with cowries, textiles, and sometimes feathers.


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Dan Déanglé mask
African art > African mask, tribal art, primitive art > Dan mask

African mask "Déanglé", wearing a thick braided finery, and whose thin face with half-closed eyes testifies to the quality of Dan sculpture.
Matte black patina.
It was after dreams in which the spirits would manifest themselves that the masks were sculpted according to precise indications, in order to be able to be honored through their appearances.
Dan masks, of varying craftsmanship, usually occur during highly theatrical entertainment parties where women play a prominent role. The so-called "mocking" mask called Déanglé defines an ideal of beauty and benevolence because it is sculpted in honor of young girls from the village or famous men. Each of the masks had a name linked to its function. Also used during circumcision rites, they appear in the ...


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Dan Singer Mask
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African art > African mask, tribal art, primitive art > Dan mask

Integrated into a concave face surrounded by cowrie shells, a zoomorphic jaw encrusted with abrus seeds extends this African mask of the Dan Yacouba. The Dan Yacouba live on the banks of the Cavally River, between the Ivory Coast and Liberia. A thick ornament of sticks, embellished with bells and fiber braids, and underlined with necklaces of colored beads, border the contours of this original mask. The Wé have similar masks.
The Dan populations of the north known as Yacouba of the Ivory Coast and the Maou of Touba (Maouka), and those of northeastern Liberia, after borrowing them from the neighboring Mande people, use them in secret male ceremonies including the Koma of the Maou The Guerze of Liberia name it Nyomu . When not accompanying a small orchestra at ...


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Dan Wakemia figurative spoon
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African art > Spoons, ladles > Dan spoon

Usual objects in African art.
The sculpted handle here represents legs with powerful muscles. They are frozen in a dynamic posture evoking a dance movement. Black brown patina and kaolin. The tribal art of the Dan also produces objects of daily use, including these carved wooden utensils, Wakemia, used during festive ceremonies, and granted by the villagers to the women leading the traditional women's associations. These shovels, symbols of prestige, will be joyfully brandished during the "dances of the hospitable woman" (wakede) of the great meals organized under their authority. For the Dan of Côte d'Ivoire, also called Yacouba, two distinct universes are opposed: that of the village, composed of its inhabitants and its animals, and that of the forest, its vegetation ...

Dan Maou Mask
African art > African mask, tribal art, primitive art > Dan mask

Bird theme in African art A bifid, curved beak, reminiscent of the hornbill, extends the lower part of this African mask Dan Maou . Fitted with a beard of blond mane, this face, which borrows the round eyes of the Gunye ge racing mask, hesitating between two natures, turns into a zoomorphic piece. This type of composition is recurrent in African tribal statuary. The Dan populations of the north known as Yacouba of the Ivory Coast and the Maou of Touba (Maouka), after having borrowed them from the neighboring Mande people, use them in secret male ceremonies including the Koma of the Maou and the Poro society of the Dan. Ritual, vegetal libations have formed a grainy coating on the middle part of the face, while a resinous band holds the cotton cloth on the upper contours of the ...


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Dan Mask /Guéré
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African art > Maternity, statues, bronze, wood > Masque Dan

Ex-French African art collection.
One of the variations of African masks dan here is a concave area between the forehead and eyes, half-closed stretched eyelids, and a diamond mouth revealing high incised teeth. Its particularity consists of tubular growths on the cheekbones evoking krou masks, as well as a beard composed of white pearl necklaces and bells sewn on a fringed cloth. The crusty matte patina has polychrome highlights. It was as a result of dreams in which the spirits manifested themselves that the masks were carved according to precise indications so that they could be honored through their appearances. The Dan also sculpt, always according to the instructions of the soothsayer, miniature masks on the model of large masks. They are worn in amulets by children. Dan ...


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Dan Zapkei mask
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African art > African mask, tribal art, primitive art > Dan mask

Racing mask of the Dan, known as Zapkei or Gunye ge, distinguished by its large hollowed out eye sockets, concave face, and carefully braided hair. Velvety granular patina. Erosions on the contours. Height on base : 43 cm. Piece from the vast Mercier collection which was started at the beginning of the 20th century by Guy, consultant for the Solvay group. While he travelled to West and Central Africa as part of his work, and collected works in situ, the majority of his collection came from the "cabinets of curiosity" that abounded in European capitals during the 1920s. It also comes from prestigious galleries (Paris, Brussels, London, New York). A mask used for entertainment by the Dan farmers of northwestern Côte d'Ivoire, known as Yacouba, it is also sometimes used as a ...


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Dan Déanglé mask
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African art > African mask, tribal art, primitive art > Dan mask

African mask Dan deangled whose curved, elegant reliefs characterize Dan sculpture. Glossy black patina. Missing on the contours.
It is following dreams in which the spirits would manifest themselves that the masks were sculpted according to precise indications, so that they could be honored through their appearances.
The Dan masks, of varied workmanship, are generally performed during very theatrical entertainment festivals where women play a predominant role. The so-called "mocking mask" called Déanglé defines an ideal of beauty and benevolence because it is sculpted in honor of the young girls of the village or of renowned men. Each mask had a name linked to its function. Also used during circumcision rites, they appear in the company of singing masks gle ...


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Masque Dan Déangle
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African art > African mask, tribal art, primitive art > Masque Dan

A mask with a mouth with luscious lips and stretched eyelids coated with white clay dangle. It is decorated here with a goatee made of vegetable fibers. Dark, satin patina. Remains of sacrificial coating at the top. Lacks on the contours. Abrasions. Height on a base: 41 cm.
For the Danes, or Yacouba, living in western Côte d'Ivoire and Liberia, the force that would animate the world would be manifested in the sculpted masks. This is how she seeks to bring knowledge to man in order to support him, and uses the dream channel beforehand. The spirits then indicate how to name the mask they wish to see made. These masks of different types are endowed with social, spiritual and political functions, often evolving over time.


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Buglé Dan Mask
African art > African mask, tribal art, primitive art > Dan Mask

African art and diversity of masks Dan
African anthropo-zoomorphic mask whose appearance evokes the elephant, his sculpture consists of a tiered frontal space whose platform is equipped with a metal hook. Deep losangic incisions form an upper frieze. An ridge vertically separates the lower area, a common attribute to the dangled masks in connection with the ethnic keloid. The originality of the mask consists of two semi-discs in relief composing the cheeks on either side of a tubular mouth. This shape ends in a circular, gaping mouth, lined with teeth blanched with kaolin. Elements join the room, such as a leather band nailed around the "trompe", and a grey cotton fabric adornment attached to the contours. The surface of this Dan Bugle mask, or Kagle, is grainy, kaolin residues are ...


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Statue Dan L-Me - Ivory Coast
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African art > African statues : tribal fetish, maternity > Statue Dan

Double shells cap this female figure of Dan as a wife. The face is reminiscent of the Dans' masks. A concentrated attitude, her arms curiously folded, she is camped legs apart. Tribal scarifications are finely rendered by patterns in braces. Very beautiful satin patina dotted with kaolin residue. Lack on the end of the foot.
See gifts of women, food, festive ceremonies and honorable status once rewarded the dan sculptors to whom this talent was granted during a dream. The latter was the means of communication of Du, invisible spiritual power, with men. Statuary, rare, played a prestigious role with its holder. These are mainly effigies of wives, la m , wooden human beings. These are not incarnations of spirits or effigies of ancestors, but prestigious figures representing living ...

Dan Déangle Mask
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African art > African mask, tribal art, primitive art > Dan mask

Celebrating the beauty of Dan girls, the Déanglé mask is styled with thin, tight braids. The surface is smooth, soft and satiny. Renowned in African art, the Yacouba, also called Dan, are known for their masks and their traditional dances, sacred or profane. Their masks, of varied workmanship, are generally performed during very theatrical entertainment festivals where women play a predominant role. The "mocking" mask called Déanglé defines an ideal of beauty and benevolence because it is sculpted in honor of the young girls of the village or of renowned men. For the Dan, or Yacouba, living in the west of the Ivory Coast and in Liberia, the "dü" force that animates the world is manifested in the sculpted masks. It is in this way that it seeks to bring knowledge to man in order to give ...


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Deangle Dan Dance Mask
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African art > African mask, tribal art, primitive art > Masque Dan

Ex-Belgian African art collection. These African masks of a very pure aesthetic whose concave face projects the features, are always borrowed from a great serenity. This is one of the characteristics of Dan masks.Arched palpebral slits allow the dancer's vision. Flesh yen-green diamond lips protrude. A black patina, particularly satin, has areas thinned by use, honey color. Rhythms punctuated by regular perforations to fix the raffia adornment in front concealed the wearer. The so-called Mask, called Deanglé, defines an ideal of beauty and benevolence because it is carved in honour of the village's young girls or renowned men.


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Dan Zapkei mask
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African art > African mask, tribal art, primitive art > Dan mask

Among the masks of the Ivory Coast, the African masks dan zapkei ge are responsible for preventing fires by watching over domestic fires.
They are worn accessorized with caps, braids, textile cape and raffia, the most prestigious of them being the go ge , royal mask reserved for exceptional events.
This sober example is embellished with a braided hairstyle, whose two braids frame the face. The fine, feminine face has protruding diamond-shaped lips. Velvety patina, with residual, grainy clay inlays.
For the Dan, or Yacouba, living in the west of the Ivory Coast and in Liberia, the "dü" force that animates the world manifests itself in the sculpted masks. It is in this way that it seeks to bring knowledge to man in order to give him support, and uses the ...


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